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OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical features, causes, imaging characteristics, treatment, and outcome of patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and sino-orbital aspergillosis. DESIGN Records of 5 patients were reviewed. Results of imaging and histopathologic examinations and clinical courses of the patients were studied. RESULTS(More)
Three patients, each more than 60 years of age at initial presentation, had early stage lymphoid infiltrates (formerly called reactive lymphoid hyperplasia) of the choroid and contiguous extraocular tissues. There were multifocal, confluent, and nonconfluent creamy patches in the choroid. These lesions changed very little over periods of observation ranging(More)
Necrotizing fasciitis is an uncommon and severe soft tissue infection characterized by cutaneous gangrene, suppurative fasciitis, and vascular thrombosis. The disease is usually preceded by trauma in patients that have systemic problems, most commonly diabetes and alcoholism. Streptococcus pyogenes and Staphylococcus aureus are the most frequent bacterial(More)
The most common complications of levator palpebrae superioris muscle blepharoptosis repair are undercorrection, overcorrection, and abnormalities of the eyelid contour. Previously described nonsurgical as well as surgical methods delay the repair of such complications and introduce the same confounding factors that can affect judgment of the eyelid level as(More)
We evaluated the ability of selective suture cutting to reduce postoperative corneal astigmatism in 75 eyes of 68 patients who underwent extracapsular cataract extraction with posterior chamber intraocular lens implantation. Keratometric and refractive measurements were obtained before and at selected intervals (3, 6, 10, 26, and 52 weeks) after surgery.(More)
BACKGROUND Opportunistic infections frequently involve the anterior and posterior segments of the eye but rarely occur in the orbit in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The authors managed eight patients with HIV and unilateral orbital infections who presented between July 1988 and March 1995. METHODS Records of the patients were(More)
The pathophysiologic mechanisms responsible for the clinical features of the anophthalmic socket are poorly understood. Atrophy of orbital fat has been thought to be a major contributing cause of enophthalmos and the superior sulcus deformities that develop after enucleation, but it has never been demonstrated histopathologically or confirmed by scientific(More)
Magnetic resonance has twin capabilities. It can provide anatomical (magnetic resonance imaging, MRI) and physiochemical (magnetic resonance spectroscopy) information. Nuclei with an odd mass number, particularly hydrogen in free water, have electromagnetic properties. When placed in a strong static magnetic field and excited by radiofrequency waves of a(More)