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Magnetic spin and orbital moments of size-selected free iron cluster ions Fe{n}{+} (n=3-20) have been determined via x-ray magnetic circular dichroism spectroscopy. Iron atoms within the clusters exhibit ferromagnetic coupling except for Fe{13}{+}, where the central atom is coupled antiferromagnetically to the atoms in the surrounding shell. Even in very(More)
Size-selected cationic transition-metal-doped silicon clusters have been studied with x-ray absorption spectroscopy at the transition-metal L2,3 edges to investigate the local electronic structure of the dopant atoms. For VSi16 + , the x-ray absorption spectrum is dominated by sharp transitions which directly reveal the formation of a highly symmetric(More)
A new technique for measuring hand volumes using Archimedes principle is described. The technique involves the immersion of a hand in a water container placed on an electronic balance. The volume is given by the change in weight divided by the density of water. This technique was compared with the more conventional technique of immersing an object in a(More)
The magnetic moment of a single impurity atom in a finite free electron gas is studied in a combined x-ray magnetic circular dichroism spectroscopy, charge transfer multiplet calculation, and density functional theory study of size-selected free chromium-doped gold clusters. The observed size dependence of the local magnetic moment can be understood as a(More)
The size-dependent magnetic properties of small iron clusters deposited on ultrathin nickel films have been studied with circularly polarized synchrotron radiation. With the use of sum rules, orbital and spin magnetic moments have been extracted from x-ray magnetic circular dichroism spectra. The ratio of orbital to spin magnetic moments varies considerably(More)
A method to determine band gaps of size-selected and isolated nanoparticles by combination of valence band and core-level photoionization spectroscopy is presented. This approach is widely applicable and provides a convenient alternative to current standard techniques for the determination of band gaps by optical or photoelectron spectroscopy. A first(More)
We describe a new UV-Vis absorption setup designed to measure with improved sensitivity the absorption spectra of size-selected small metal clusters embedded in rare gas matrices. We aim at studying the electronic structure of clusters of different materials and their interaction with the matrix. The design, construction, and performance of the setup are(More)
The electronic structure and magnetic moments of free Mn2 (+) and Mn3 (+) are characterized by 2p x-ray absorption and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism spectroscopy in a cryogenic ion trap that is coupled to a synchrotron radiation beamline. Our results directly show that localized magnetic moments of 5 μB are created by 3d(5)((6)S) states at each ionic(More)
The (6)Π electronic ground state of the Co2 (+) diatomic molecular cation has been assigned experimentally by x-ray absorption and x-ray magnetic circular dichroism spectroscopy in a cryogenic ion trap. Three candidates, (6)Φ, (8)Φ, and (8)Γ, for the electronic ground state of Fe2 (+) have been identified. These states carry sizable orbital angular momenta(More)
Cobalt-benzene cluster ions of the form Co3(bz)n(+) (n = 0-3) were produced in the gas phase, mass-selected, and cooled in a cryogenic ion trap held at 3-4 K. To explore ligand effects on cluster magnetic moments, these species were investigated with X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) spectroscopy. XMCD spectra(More)