Jeannette Yen

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Using laser optics to illuminate high-resolution video-recordings, we revealed behavioural mechanisms through which males of the calanoid copepod speciesTemora longicornis locate females. Males ofT. longicornis swam at signi¢cantly faster speeds than females along more sinuous routes, possibly re£ecting adaptations to increase encounter with females. Upon(More)
We quantified the flow field generated by tethered and free-swimming Euchaeta antarctica using the particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique. The streamlines around the free-swimming specimens were generally parallel to the body axis, whereas the streamlines around all of the tethered copepodids demonstrated increased curvature. Differences noted in the(More)
Velocity measurements were performed for the flow field generated by tethered krill Euphausia pacifica. The particle image velocimetry (PIV) technique was used to measure the velocity field in vertical planes aligned with the krill body axis. The krill generates a narrow jet-like flow behind and below the pleopods (roughly 25 below horizontal). The volume(More)
We studied the effects of attached peritrich ciliates on the fitness of natural populations of Acartia hudsonica (Pinhey) in Stony Brook Harbor, Long Island Sound. Ciliate infection occurred during late spring, and ciliate load (No. ind.-‘) was not related to copepod age, stage, or body size. Simulated in situ experiments conducted throughout the period of(More)
A new experimental apparatus to simulate oceanic turbulence at low Reynolds number in the laboratory is described. Actuators located at each corner of a cubic Plexiglas box generated synthetic jets that interacted to create turbulent flow at the center of the saltwater apparatus. Four turbulent intensity levels were established, and velocity measurements(More)
Recent advances in computational methods have made realistic large-scale simulations of animal locomotion possible. This has resulted in numerous mathematical and computational studies of animal movement through fluids and over substrates with the purpose of better understanding organisms' performance and improving the design of vehicles moving through air(More)
The small-scale spatial and temporal dynamics of phycosphere-sized chemical signals entrained within the feeding current of copepods is quantified here by combining flow visualization techniques with electrochemical technology (IVEC-10). Using the 30-mm electrochemical probe sampling at 50 Hz and the velocity gradients created by two marine copepods, we(More)
Finding mates can pose a particular problem for obligately sexual planktonic organisms, resulting in a variety of adaptations to ensure sufficient mating. Several types of mate-finding behavior have been observed in marine copepods, but the one most effective at low population density, following a pheromone trail, has not been observed in freshwater(More)
Krill are aquatic crustaceans that engage in long distance migrations, either vertically in the water column or horizontally for 10 km (over 200,000 body lengths) per day. Hence efficient locomotory performance is crucial for their survival. We study the swimming kinematics of krill using a combination of experiment and analysis. We quantify the propulsor(More)
We investigated the effects of a common mysid predator, Neomysis americana on the mating success of an estuarine copepod, Eurytemora herdmani. The presence of a mysid predator, or only a predator cue, reduced copulation frequency and spermatophore transfer success of E. herdmani, and led to a substantial decrease in E. herdmani nauplius production. Thus,(More)