Jeannette T. Bensen

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Risk factors for the newly identified “intrinsic” breast cancer subtypes (luminal A, luminal B, basal-like and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2-positive/estrogen receptor-negative) were determined in the Carolina Breast Cancer Study, a population-based, case–control study of African-American and white women. Immunohistochemical markers were used to(More)
Adipocytokines are produced by visceral fat, and levels may be associated with breast cancer risk. We investigated whether single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in adipocytokine genes adiponectin (ADIPOQ), leptin (LEP), and the leptin receptor (LEPR) were associated with basal-like or luminal A breast cancer subtypes. 104 candidate and tag SNPs were(More)
Common germline variation in the 5′ region proximal to precursor (pre-) miRNA gene sequences is evaluated for association with breast cancer risk and survival among African Americans and Caucasians. We genotyped nine single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within six miRNA gene regions previously associated with breast cancer, in 1,972 cases and 1,776(More)
The amelogenesis imperfectas (AI) are a group of hereditary enamel defects characterized by clinical and genetic diversity. The most common AI types are inherited as autosomal traits. Three mutations of the enamelin (ENAM) gene have been found in cases of autosomal dominant hypoplastic AI. The gene(s) responsible for hypocalcified forms of AI have not been(More)
BACKGROUND Genome-wide association studies have established a number of replicated single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) for susceptibility to prostate cancer (CaP), but it is unclear whether these susceptibility SNPs are also associated with disease aggressiveness. This study evaluates whether such replication SNPs or other candidate SNPs are associated(More)
Excessive oxidative stress may induce and promote breast carcinogenesis. Manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) is critical to management of oxidative stress by catalyzing the formation of hydrogen peroxide from two superoxide anions. To examine the relationship between MnSOD Val-9Ala polymorphism, breast cancer and potential modifiers, we analyzed data(More)
Detailed medical family history data have been proposed to be effective in identifying high-risk families for targeted intervention. With use of a validated and standardized quantitative family risk score (FRS), the degree of familial aggregation of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, hypertension, and diabetes was obtained from 122,155 Utah families and(More)
Proband-reported family histories are widely used in research and counseling, yet little is known about the validity of family history reporting. The Family Heart Study (FHS), a population-based study of familial cardiovascular disease, gathered family history information from 3,020 middle-aged probands in four U.S. communities. Probands reported on the(More)
p53 participates in cell cycle control, programmed cell death/apoptosis, and DNA repair, all pathways involved in carcinogenesis. TP53 variants may influence p53 function. We evaluated whether three well-characterized TP53 variants—Ex4 + 119 C > G (rs#1042522, Arg72Pro), IVS6 + 62 A > G (rs#1625895), and an IVS3 16 bp insertion/ deletion (INDEL;(More)
Genes in the interleukin-1 (IL-1) gene cluster on human chromosome 2 play an important role in mediating inflammatory responses and are associated with numerous diseases. We have identified a novel IL-1-like gene, IL-1F10, on human chromosome 2q13-14.1 near the IL-1 receptor antagonist gene (IL-1RN). The IL1F10 gene is encoded by 5 exons spanning over 7.8(More)