Jeannette Chloë Bulinski

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A unique post-translational modification of tubulin has previously been described in which a tyrosine residue is reversibly added to the C terminus of the alpha-tubulin subunit. We have prepared peptide antibodies that specifically react (shown by competitive immunoassay and Western blots) with the tyrosinated (Tyr) and nontyrosinated (Glu) forms of(More)
Half a century of biochemical and biophysical experiments has provided attractive models that may explain the diverse functions of microtubules within cells and organisms. However, the notion of functionally distinct microtubule types has not been explored with similar intensity, mostly because mechanisms for generating divergent microtubule species were(More)
Microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) are proteins that reversibly bind to and regulate microtubule dynamics and functions in vivo. We examined the dynamics of binding of a MAP called ensconsin (E-MAP-115) to microtubules in vivo. We used 5xGFP-EMTB, a construct in which the microtubule-binding domain of ensconsin (EMTB) is fused to five copies of green(More)
We previously demonstrated (Ookata et al., 1992, 1993) that the p34cdc2/cyclin B complex associates with microtubules in the mitotic spindle and premeiotic aster in starfish oocytes, and that microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) might be responsible for this interaction. In this study, we have investigated the mechanism by which p34cdc2 kinase associates(More)
We have probed the relationship between tubulin posttranslational modification and microtubule stability, using a variation of the antibody-blocking technique. In human retinoblastoma cells we find that acetylated and detyrosinated microtubules represent congruent subsets of the cells' total microtubules. We also find that stable microtubules defined as(More)
A small subset of the microtubule (MT) array in many cultured cells does not exhibit the rapid turnover (t 1/2 approximately equal to 10 min) shown by most cellular MTs. The function of the stable class of MTs is unknown and has been confounded by the apparent lack of organization of stable MTs within cells. Using an antibody against detyrosinated tubulin,(More)
Microtubule-associated proteins (MAPs) have been hypothesized to regulate microtubule dynamics and/or functions. To test hypotheses concerning E-MAP-115 (ensconsin) function, we prepared stable cell lines expressing conjugates in which the full-length MAP (Ensc) or its microtubule-binding domain (EMTB) was conjugated to one or more green fluorescent protein(More)
Interphase cultured monkey kidney (TC-7) cells contain distinct subsets of cellular microtubules (MTs) enriched in posttranslationally detyrosinated (Glu) or tyrosinated (Tyr) alpha tubulin (Gundersen, G. G., M. H. Kalnoski, and J. C. Bulinski. 1984. Cell. 38:779-789). To determine the relative stability of these subsets of MTs, we subjected TC-7 cells to(More)
This review discusses the possible role of alpha-tubulin detyrosination, a reversible post-translational modification that occurs at the protein's C-terminus, in cellular morphogenesis. Higher eukaryotic cells possess a cyclic post-translational mechanism by which dynamic microtubules are differentiated from their more stable counterparts; a(More)
Genetic or pharmacological alteration of the activity of the histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) induces a parallel alteration in cell migration. Using tubacin to block deacetylation of alpha-tubulin, and not other HDAC6 substrates, yielded a motility reduction equivalent to agents that block all NAD-independent HDACs. Accordingly, we investigated how the failure(More)