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PURPOSE To determine the accuracy and repeatability of ultrasonography (US) with the ellipsoid formula in calculating the renal volume. MATERIALS AND METHODS The renal volumes in 20 volunteers aged 19-51 years were determined by using US with the ellipsoid formula and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging with the voxel-count method by two independent observers(More)
In this in vitro study, the accuracy and repeatability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasound (US) in assessing renal length and volume were determined. US and MR images of 20 cadaver pig kidneys were obtained twice and evaluated by two observers for each modality. The fluid displacement method provided the "gold standard." Renal volumes were(More)
Purpose: To determine the accuracy and optimal threshold values of duplex ultrasonography (US) in assessing restenosis of renal artery stents. Methods: Twenty-four consecutive patients with 33 renal arteries that had previously been treated with placement of a Palmaz stent underwent duplex US prior to intraarterial digital subtraction angiography (DSA),(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To establish the value of electrical impedance tomography (EIT) in assessing pulmonary edema in noncardiogenic acute respiratory failure (ARF), as compared to the thermal dye double indicator dilution technique (TDD). DESIGN Prospective clinical study. SETTING ICU of a general hospital. PATIENTS Fourteen ARF patients. INTERVENTIONS(More)
Elevated cardiac troponin can be seen in patients with left ventricular (LV) hypertrophy and in asymptomatic subjects with a high a priori risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). In hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HC) troponin can be detected as well, but little is known about the contribution of LV mass, on the one hand, and the long-term risk of CVD, on the(More)
A 3D model-based approach for quantification of vascular morphology from several MRA acquisition protocols was evaluated. Accuracy, reproducibility, and influence of the image acquisition techniques were studied via in vitro experiments with ground truth diameters and the measurements of two expert readers as reference. The performance of the method was(More)
A 19-year-old male patient developed thrombocytopenia and leukopenia due to acute folate deficiency while recovering from a multiple organ failure syndrome. Risk factors for acute folate deficiency are extensive tissue damage due to sepsis, trauma or surgery and acute renal failure requiring renal replacement therapy. The diagnosis is based on bone marrow(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this work was to assess whether easily obtained clinical parameters can predict optimal scan delay for contrast-enhanced spiral CT of pulmonary arteries and to compare image quality between individualized contrast timing versus a fixed scan delay. METHOD We used an individualized delay in 85 patients by measuring the contrast(More)
The purpose of this study was to assess the image quality and diagnostic value of MR urography in detecting abnormalities of the urinary collecting system relevant for the preoperative evaluation of living renal donors. Study subjects were selected from the existing intravenous urography (IVU) reports: 18 consecutive patients with a duplication or another(More)