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We provide genetic evidence that the production of methanol in tomato fruit is regulated by pectin methylesterase (PME, EC, an enzyme that catalyzes demethoxylation of pectins. The role of PME in methanol production in tomato fruit was examined by relating the tissue methanol content to the PME enzymatic activity in wild-type Rutgers and isogenic(More)
A new cold-inducible genetic construct was cloned using a chloroplast-specific omega-3-fatty acid desaturase gene (FAD7) under the control of a cold-inducible promoter (cor15a) from Arabidopsis thaliana. RT-PCR confirmed a marked increase in FAD7 expression, in young Nicotiana tabacum (cv. Havana) plants harboring cor15a-FAD7, after a short-term exposure to(More)
Previous work by Morgan and coworkers on radiation-induced genome instability in Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell lines showed that unstable LS-12 cells had persistently elevated levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) that were likely due to dysfunctional mitochondria. To further investigate the correlation between radiation-induced genome instability and(More)
BACKGROUND The neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) has numerous isoforms resulting from alternative splicing of mRNA. The 3 major isoforms found in adult tissue are (1) a 120-kDa protein that is linked to the plasma membrane by glycosylphosphatidylinositol; (2) a 140-kDa form that has a transmembrane component and a cytoplasmic tail with unknown function;(More)
Tumor suppressor genes APC, RB1, and DCC, as well as genes localized to 3p and 11q, have been implicated in the development of a number of human tumors. To determine whether allelic deletions occur at these loci in squamous cell carcinomas (SSCs) of the head and neck, 25 primary, 1 metastatic, and 3 recurrent tumors, along with the corresponding(More)
We have examined the role of alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH, E.C. in chilling tolerance using maize (Zea mays L.) Adh1(-)Adh2(-) doubly null mutant. Adh1(-)Adh2(-) doubly null seedlings were found to have lowered survival rates compared to non-doubly null maize seedlings (Silverado F(1)) when held at 2 degrees C for varying periods. Exposure to ethanol(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Neural Cell Adhesion Molecule (NCAM) is a well-characterized member of the immunoglobin superfamily. The structure of NCAM is similar to the tumor suppressor Deleted in Colon Carcinoma (DCC). NCAM has been found in some epithelial tissues and plays a role in tumorigenesis of some cancers. The purpose of the present study was to determine(More)
A transcription map of a 1200-kb region encompassing the MEN1 locus was constructed by direct cDNA selection and mapping ESTs. A total of 29 genes were mapped. Ten transcripts were identified by cDNA selection of a focused 300-kb genomic region telomeric to the MEN1 consensus region. Since many of the sequences cloned by cDNA selection also identified ESTs(More)
Tobacco cell death induced by palmitoleic acid (16:1), ceramide, and KCN was found to possess features associated with program cell death (PCD), including cell volume decrease, loss of membrane integrity, DNA damage, nuclear and plastid disorganization, and chromatin condensation. Cell volume decrease was found to be caused by loss of intracellular K(+).(More)