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The leaf disc transformation/regeneration system was modified for tomato (L. esculentum). Both leaf explants and cotyledon/hypocotyl sections can be used to regenerate transformed plants. We have obtained over 300 transgenic plants from eight tomato cultivars. We have evidence for both single and multi-copy insertions of the T-DNA, and have demonstrated(More)
BACKGROUND Continuous intravenous infusion of epoprostenol (prostacyclin) is an effective treatment for primary pulmonary hypertension. This approach requires the insertion of a permanent central venous catheter, with the associated risk of serious complications. Recently, aerosolized iloprost, a stable prostacyclin analogue, has been introduced as an(More)
The dual endothelin receptor antagonist bosentan has been approved in several countries for pulmonary arterial hypertension, and patients with portopulmonary hypertension (PPHTN) have not specifically been excluded. However, no data have been published on the efficacy and safety of bosentan in this patient population. Here, the first clinical experiences(More)
It has been proposed that targeted treatments should be combined for patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension (IPAH) responding insufficiently to monotherapy. This study followed the clinical course of nine patients with severe IPAH, in whom the endothelin receptor antagonist bosentan caused transient clinical improvement, eventually(More)
OBJECTIVE We sought to compare the acute hemodynamic effects of inhaled nitric oxide (NO) and aerosolized iloprost in primary pulmonary hypertension (PPH). BACKGROUND Inhalation of the stable prostacyclin analogue iloprost has recently been described as a novel therapeutic strategy for PPH and may offer an alternative to continuous intravenous infusion of(More)
Combination therapy may improve outcome in patients with severe pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). PAH patients were treated according to a goal-oriented therapeutic strategy. Patients who did not reach the treatment goals with monotherapy received combination treatment according to a predefined strategy, including bosentan, sildenafil and inhaled(More)
BACKGROUND A high prevalence of asplenia has been observed in patients with unexplained pulmonary hypertension. OBJECTIVE To describe the clinical and histopathologic characteristics of patients with postsplenectomy pulmonary hypertension and to compare the prevalence of surgical asplenia in patients with idiopathic pulmonary hypertension and patients(More)
Assessment of cardiac output is an important part of the management of patients with pulmonary hypertension. The accuracy of the thermodilution technique in patients with low cardiac output or severe tricuspid regurgitation has been questioned. To address this issue, we simultaneously compared 105 cardiac output measurements by the Fick method and(More)
OBJECTIVE The experience at our institution with various forms of lung transplantation (heart-lung, double lung and single lung) from December 1987 to September 1998 is reviewed and discussed. METHODS During this decade, 282 procedures (46 heart-lungs (HLTx), 142 double lungs (DLTx) and 94 single lungs (SLTx)) have been performed in 258 patients (140(More)