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BACKGROUND Several nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs) are US Food and Drug Administration-cleared for detecting urogenital Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) and Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) infection, but they have not been adequately evaluated for the relatively common oropharyngeal or rectal CT and GC infections in men who have sex with men (MSM). METHODS(More)
We investigated antimicrobial drug resistance in ocular Chlamydia trachomatis 18 months after 4 biannual communitywide distributions of antimicrobial drugs in a region of Ethiopia where ocular strains of C. trachomatis are highly endemic. We found no significant differences in susceptibilities to azithromycin and doxycycline in 6 posttreatment and 4(More)
The in vitro susceptibilities of 49 strains of Chlamydia trachomatis and 3 strains of Chlamydia pneumoniae to azithromycin and tetracycline or doxycycline were determined. The MIC of azithromycin ranged from < or = 0.06 to 1.0 micrograms/ml, the MIC of tetracycline ranged from 0.03 to 0.12 micrograms/ml, and the MIC of doxycycline ranged from 0.015 to 0.06(More)
OBJECTIVE The authors evaluated the use of conditional cash transfers as an HIV and sexually transmitted infection prevention strategy to incentivise safe sex. DESIGN An unblinded, individually randomised and controlled trial. SETTING 10 villages within the Kilombero/Ulanga districts of the Ifakara Health and Demographic Surveillance System in rural(More)
We determined whether patients with chronic conjunctivitis in whom direct fluorescent antibody (DFA) tests revealed genus-specific chlamydial antigens (but not species-specific Chlamydia trachomatis antigens) were infected with Chlamydia psittaci or Chlamydia pneumoniae. Patients were divided into a case group of possible non-trachomatis chlamydial(More)
BACKGROUND Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae are known to cause urethritis. However, only a small number of studies in Eastern European countries have investigated the causes of urethritis. GOALS To determine the prevalence of C trachomatis and N gonorrhoeae among men with symptomatic urethritis in Istanbul, Turkey, and to determine whether(More)
The performance of the Becton Dickinson BDProbe Tec ET System Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae Amplified DNA Assays (BD Biosciences, Sparks, Md.) was evaluated in a multicenter study. Specimens were collected from 2,109 men and women, with or without symptoms, attending sexually transmitted disease, family planning, and obstetrics and(More)
With the Global Elimination of Trachoma by 2020 program underway, it has become increasingly important to identify the prevalence of ocular chlamydia infection in communities. DNA amplification tests are the gold standard, but are prohibitively expensive. In the present paper, we investigate whether pooling multiple specimens into a single test is feasible.(More)
We set out to determine the prevalences of Chlamydia trachomatis and Neisseria gonorrhoeae by ligase chain reaction as well as to determine the prevalence of Trichomonas vaginalis by culture in a large and diverse national sample of non-health-care-seeking young women entering the military; we also sought to compare the abilities of three different(More)
Ligase chain reaction (LCR) to diagnose Chlamydia trachomatis infection was evaluated using first-catch urine (FCU) specimens from 4053 women. Results were compared with those of cell culture (TC) isolation from cervix (all) and urethra (2812 women). The reference standard was TC positivity or positive LCR for chlamydial plasmid DNA confirmed by direct(More)