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The generation of EST information is an essential step in the genomic characterisation of species. In the context of the European Network Marine Genomics, a common goal was to significantly increase the amount of ESTs in commercial marine mollusk species and more specifically in the less studied but ecologically and commercially important groups, such as(More)
Although bivalves are among the most-studied marine organisms because of their ecological role and economic importance, very little information is available on the genome sequences of oyster species. This report documents three large-scale cDNA sequencing projects for the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas initiated to provide a large number of expressed(More)
A semi-quantitative reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay was developed to estimate tissue-specific expression of two amylase genes in five different tissues of the Pacific oyster Crassostrea gigas and the experimental effects of food level on the cellular, enzymatic and gene expression changes of the digestive gland. Results(More)
High variability among individuals is often encountered when hemocyte characteristics are measured in bivalves. Such variability is suspected to result partly from genetic factors. In this study, hemocyte characteristics of six families of Crassostrea gigas were compared by flow cytometry at one sampling date in October 2001. These families were obtained(More)
To investigate the control at the mRNA level of glycogen metabolism in the cupped oyster Crassostrea gigas, we report in the present paper the cloning and characterization of glycogen phosphorylase and synthase cDNAs (Cg-GPH and Cg-GYS, respectively, transcripts of main enzymes for glycogen use and storage), and their first expression profiles depending on(More)
The impact of diets upon the fatty acid composition of haemocyte polar lipids and consequently upon immune parameters has been tested in the oyster Crassostrea gigas and the clam Ruditapes philippinarum. Oysters and clams were fed each of three cultured algae: Chaetoceros calcitrans, which is rich in 20:5(n-3) and 20:4(n-6) and poor in 22:6(n-3) fatty(More)
Two bivalve species Crassostrea gigas and Ruditapes philippinarum were fed eight weeks with three mono-specific algae diets: T-Isochrysis galbana, Tetraselmis suecica, Chaetoceros calcitrans, selected on the basis of their polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) composition. The incorporation and the modification of dietary fatty acids in C. gigas and R.(More)
The aim of this study was to test the effect of food quantity on energy storage and defense capacities of oysters during a reproductive cycle. One-year-old Crassostrea gigas oysters were fed two different dietary rations (4% and 12% of oyster dry weight in algal dry weight per day) in controlled experimental conditions over an annual cycle. Oyster dry(More)
Summer mortality has been reported in the Pacific oyster, Crassostrea gigas, for many years in different parts of the world. The causes of this phenomenon are complex. The multidisciplinary program “MOREST”, coordinated by IFREMER, was initiated to understand the causes of summer mortality of Crassostrea gigas juveniles in France and to reduce its impact on(More)
Using the previously determined complementary DNA Sequence of Crassostrea gigas amylase (Y08370), we designed several oligonucleotide primers and used them with polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology to characterize oyster amylase gene sequences. Two genes encoding 2 different amylases were characterized and sequenced. The 2 genes are similarly(More)