Learn More
The influence of muscle oxidative capacity on phosphocreatine (PCr) changes during and after stimulation was examined in the superficial (fast-twitch) section of rat gastrocnemius muscles. Muscle mitochondrial enzymes were increased in one group of rats by 8-10 wk of training on a running wheel (to a final regimen of 50 min/day at 38 m/min, 5 days/wk) and(More)
This study tested the hypothesis that fatigue of a single member of musculus quadriceps femoris (QF) would alter use of the other three muscles during knee extension exercise (KEE). Six men performed KEE with the left QF at a load equal to 50% of the 4 x 10 repetitions maximum. Subsequently, electromyostimulation (EMS), intended to stimulate and fatigue the(More)
The purposes of this study were, first, to clarify the long-term pattern of T2 relaxation times and muscle volume changes in human skeletal muscle after intense eccentric exercise and, second, to determine whether the T2 response exhibits an adaptation to repeated bouts. Six young adult men performed two bouts of eccentric biceps curls (5 sets of 10 at 110%(More)
Exercise selectively increases the signal intensities (SI) of active muscles in T2-weighted magnetic resonance (MR) images. If these SI increases are graded with exercise intensity, the identification of muscle recruitment patterns may be possible using MR imaging. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of force generation during exercise on(More)
The increase in nuclear magnetic resonance transverse relaxation time (T(2)) of muscle water measured by magnetic resonance imaging after exercise has been correlated with work rate in human subjects. This study compared the T(2) increase in thigh muscles of trained (cycling VO(2 max) = 54.4 +/- 2.7 ml O(2). kg(-1). min(-1), mean +/- SE, n = 8, 4 female)(More)
In 3 patients who suffered oculogyric crises, mental changes accompanied upward deviation of the eyes. In 1 patient, whom we studied in detail, the mental disturbance consisted of a disorder of attention in which pathological fixation of a thought occurred. During the period of upward eye deviation, all functional types of conjugate eye movements were(More)
Echo-planar magnetic resonance imaging was used to study the effect of exercise rate and duration on magnetic resonance imaging signal intensity (SI) of anterior tibialis muscle in normal human subjects (mean age 35 yr, n = 6). Axial midcalf echo-planar images (repetition time/echo time = 6,000/45, acquisition time = 80 ms) were acquired every 6 s for 1 min(More)
We hypothesized that activation of the quadriceps femoris muscle group during eccentric exercise is related to the increase in magnitude of several markers of muscle injury that developed during the next week. Fourteen male subjects performed six to eight sets of five to ten repetitions of single-leg eccentric-only seated knee extension exercise. Magnetic(More)
It has been reported that intraperitoneal infusion of 5-amino-4-imidazolecarboxamide riboside (AICAr) inhibits the purine nucleotide cycle, resulting in rapid fatigue of isometric twitch force during stimulation of rat muscle. In this study, peak isometric twitch force was recorded from gastrocnemius muscles of pentobarbital-anesthetized rats stimulated in(More)
Gated phosphorus nuclear magnetic resonance (31P-NMR) spectra were acquired after 5 or 9 s of 5-Hz stimulation in rat and cat skeletal muscles, respectively. Net phosphocreatine (PCr) hydrolysis was associated with an intracellular alkalinization of 0.08 +/- 0.01 and 0.05 +/- 0.003 pH units in isolated perfused cat biceps and soleus, respectively, and 0.12(More)