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The purpose of the study was to describe the impact of false-positive results from initial maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein (MS-AFP) screening. The analyses compared two groups of women, those receiving a negative result (n = 346) and those receiving an initial positive result (n = 26), over four time points--prior to testing, immediately after testing,(More)
This study aimed to develop and pilot test a brief skin cancer risk assessment tool (BRAT), a self-administered instrument that can be reliably used to assess skin cancer risk. To develop the BRAT, we critically reviewed published literature on risk factors; formulated a draft questionnaire; pilot tested the questionnaire; and retested 1 month later. The(More)
The purpose of most screening and diagnostic tests is to initiate treatment when a problem is found and, otherwise, to allay anxiety. The extent to which the second of these objectives is met was studied in a prospective study of 179 pregnant women. Women who had amniocentesis to detect Down's Syndrome or were screened for a fetal neural tube defect had(More)
People's knowledge of screening tests for which they are eligible and which they may have undergone is frequently low. The aim of the current study is to determine the extent to which this is due to how a test is offered and explained. Routine consultations (n = 102) between midwives, obstetricians and pregnant women were tape-recorded to determine how a(More)
The purpose of the study is to examine the impact of a negative result on a routine prenatal screening test, maternal serum alpha-fetoprotein screening for spina bifida and Down's syndrome. Three-hundred and nine women had the test and 30 did not. Twenty-one of the 309 did not think that they had been tested, and seven women who did not have the test(More)
The majority of women receiving an abnormal result on routine prenatal screening subsequently give birth to unaffected children. Previous studies have documented high levels of anxiety in women receiving such false positive results. In an attempt to reduce this anxiety, two methods of preparing women for undergoing such testing were compared: provision of(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the factors influencing medical students' communication skills. The sample comprised all first-year clinical students. Thirty-two received teaching in communication skills during the year; the remaining 56 did not. Students' career preferences, attitudes towards communication skills and confidence in their ability to(More)
A consecutive cohort of 71 women eligible for amniocentesis because they were over 38 years of age completed questionnaires during the first trimester of pregnancy. Sixty-one women underwent amniocentesis, an uptake rate of 86%. Uptake was associated with a less negative attitude towards termination of an affected baby and a higher perceived risk of the(More)
The purpose of the study was to examine the impact of amniocentesis on women at risk for having a baby with Down's syndrome because of raised maternal age. Fifty-four of the study participants had amniocentesis and nine did not. At the time of the procedure, those having amniocentesis were significantly more anxious, less certain about the baby's health,(More)