Learn More
The cholesterol-raising effect of dietary saturated fatty acids is largely accounted for by lauric, myristic, and palmitic acids. Dairy fat is a major source of myristic acid, and palm oil is especially rich in palmitic acid. Myristic acid is suspected of being much more cholesterolemic than palmitic acid, but direct comparisons have been lacking. We(More)
In order to assess nutritional adequacy, valid estimates of nutrient intake are required. One of the main errors in dietary assessment is misreporting. The objective was to review the extent, nature and determinants of misreporting in dietary assessment, how this affects reported intakes of micronutrients and how this is identified and measured, and to(More)
BACKGROUND In the Netherlands, the proportion of patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) who choose the option of euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide (PAS) is relatively high (20%). The objective of this study was to determine which factors influence end-of-life practices in ALS and whether rates are changing over time. METHODS In a cohort(More)
Quercetin is a dietary antioxidant that prevents oxidation of low-density lipoproteins in vitro. Intake of quercetin was inversely associated with coronary heart disease mortality in elderly Dutch men. However, the extent of absorption of quercetin in humans is unclear. The aim of this study was to quantify absorption of various forms of quercetin. Nine(More)
Quercetin is a strong antioxidant and a major dietary flavonoid. Epidemiological studies suggest that consumption of quercetin protects against cardiovascular disease, but its absorption in man is controversial. We fed nine subjects a single large dose of onions, which contain glucose conjugates of quercetin, apples, which contain both glucose and(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine flavonoid content of US foods, mean individual intakes, major food sources, and associations with other nutrients. SUBJECTS US men (n = 37,886) and women (n = 78,886) who completed a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire in 1990. DESIGN Men and women completed a questionnaire that listed 132 items, including onions as a(More)
Quercetin is a dietary antioxidant that prevents oxidation of low-density lipoproteins in vitro by scavenging to free oxygen radicals. Its intake was inversely associated with coronary heart mortality in Dutch elderly men. However, data on absorption of quercetin in man are scarce and contradictory. We studied the time course of the plasma quercetin(More)
BACKGROUND This study investigates whether dietary patterns, substantiated by biomarkers, are associated with semen quality. METHODS In 161 men of subfertile couples undergoing in vitro fertilization treatment in a tertiary referral clinic in Rotterdam, the Netherlands, we assessed nutrient intakes and performed principal component factor analysis to(More)
Quercetin, a dietary antioxidant flavonoid, has anticarcinogenic properties. We quantified the absorption of quercetin in ileostomists. Absorption was 52 +/- 5% for quercetin glucosides from onions, 17 +/- 15% for quercetin rutinoside, and 24 +/- 9% for quercetin aglycone. The plasma quercetin concentration in subjects with an intact colon, after ingestion(More)
Flavonols are antioxidants that may reduce the risk of heart disease. Two major flavonols in the diet are quercetin and kaempferol, and their main sources in The Netherlands are tea and onions. We investigated whether plasma concentrations and urinary excretion of quercetin and kaempferol in humans could be used as biomarkers of intake. We provided 15(More)