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It has been suggested that poor habituation to stimuli might explain atypical sensory behaviours in autism. We investigated habituation to repeated sounds using an oddball paradigm in 9-month-old infants with an older sibling with autism and hence at high risk for developing autism. Auditory-evoked responses to repeated sounds in control infants (at low(More)
Theory and evidence suggest the potential value of prodromal intervention for infants at risk of developing autism. We report an initial case series (n = 8) of a parent-mediated, video-aided and interaction-focused intervention with infant siblings of autistic probands, beginning at 8-10 months of age. We outline the theory and evidence base behind this(More)
OBJECTIVES The aims of this study were to collect data on electrically evoked compound action potential (eCAP) and electrically evoked stapedius reflex thresholds (eSRT) in HiResolution(TM) cochlear implant (CI) users, and to explore the relationships between these objective measures and behavioural measures of comfort levels (M-levels). METHODS A(More)
CONCLUSION This paper reviews psychoacoustical and electrophysiological evidence for reorganization of the human central auditory system in case of auditory deprivation and rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE To investigate the plasticity of cortical tonotopic maps in cochlear-damaged subjects. METHODS Frequency discrimination scores were analysed in subjects(More)
Deprivation from normal sensory input has been shown to alter tonotopic organization of the human auditory cortex. In this context, cochlear implant subjects provide an interesting model in that profound deafness is made partially reversible by the cochlear implant. In restoring afferent activity, cochlear implantation may also reverse some of the central(More)
The language difficulties often seen in individuals with autism might stem from an inability to integrate audiovisual information, a skill important for language development. We investigated whether 9-month-old siblings of older children with autism, who are at an increased risk of developing autism, are able to integrate audiovisual speech cues. We used an(More)
Perceptual decision making is prone to errors, especially near threshold. Physiological, behavioural and modeling studies suggest this is due to the intrinsic or 'internal' noise in neural systems, which derives from a mixture of bottom-up and top-down sources. We show here that internal noise can form the basis of perceptual decision making when the(More)
The purpose of this study was to distinguish the effects of different parameters on latencies of wave IIIe, wave Ve, and interpeak interval IIIe-Ve of electrical auditory brainstem responses (EABRs). EABRs were recorded from all the intra-cochlear electrodes in eight adult HiRes90K((R)) cochlear implant users. The relationship between latencies and(More)
The purpose of this study was to distinguish the effects of different parameters on latencies of wave N1, wave P2, and inter-peak interval N1-P2 of electrical late auditory responses (ELARs). ELARs were recorded from four intra-cochlear electrodes in fourteen adult HiRes90K cochlear implant users who had at least three months of experience. The relationship(More)
Perceptual training is generally assumed to improve perception by modifying the encoding or decoding of sensory information. However, this assumption is incompatible with recent demonstrations that transfer of learning can be enhanced by across-trial variation of training stimuli or task. Here we present three lines of evidence from healthy adults in(More)