Jeanine de Keyzer

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The ATPase SecA provides the driving force for the transport of secretory proteins across the cytoplasmic membrane of Escherichia coli. SecA exists as a dimer in solution, but the exact oligomeric state of SecA during membrane binding and preprotein translocation is a topic of debate. To study the requirements of oligomeric changes in SecA during protein(More)
Membrane protein biogenesis in bacteria occurs via dedicated molecular systems SecYEG and YidC that function independently and in cooperation. YidC belongs to the universally conserved Oxa1/Alb3/YidC family of membrane insertases and is believed to associate with translating ribosomes at the membrane surface. Here, we have examined the architecture of the(More)
Protein translocation and folding in the endoplasmic reticulum of Saccharomyces cerevisiae involves two distinct Hsp70 chaperones, Lhs1p and Kar2p. Both proteins have the characteristic domain structure of the Hsp70 family consisting of a conserved N-terminal nucleotide binding domain and a C-terminal substrate binding domain. Kar2p is a canonical Hsp70(More)
SecYEG translocase mediates the transport of preproteins across the inner membrane of Escherichia coli. SecA binds the membrane-embedded SecYEG protein-conducting channel with high affinity and then drives the stepwise translocation of preproteins across the membrane through multiple cycles of ATP binding and hydrolysis. We have investigated the kinetics of(More)
The YidC/OxaI/Alb3 family of membrane proteins is involved in the biogenesis of integral membrane proteins in bacteria, mitochondria, and chloroplasts. Gram-positive bacteria often contain multiple YidC paralogs that can be subdivided into two major classes, namely, YidC1 and YidC2. The Streptococcus mutans YidC1 and YidC2 proteins possess C-terminal tails(More)
Kar2p, an essential Hsp70 chaperone in the endoplasmic reticulum of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, facilitates the transport and folding of nascent polypeptides within the endoplasmic reticulum lumen. The chaperone activity of Kar2p is regulated by its intrinsic ATPase activity that can be stimulated by two different nucleotide exchange factors, namely Sil1p and(More)
Translocase mediates the transport of preproteins across the inner membrane of Escherichia coli. SecA binds with high affinity to the membrane-embedded protein-conducting SecYEG complex and serves as both a receptor for secretory proteins and as an ATP-driven molecular motor. Cycles of ATP binding and hydrolysis by SecA drive the progressive movement of the(More)
SecYEG forms the protein-conducting channel of the Escherichia coli translocase. It binds the peripheral ATPase SecA that drives the preprotein translocation reaction. PrlA4 is a double mutant of SecY that enables the translocation of preproteins with a defective or even missing signal sequence. The effect of the individual mutations, F286Y and I408N, was(More)
During co-translational membrane insertion of membrane proteins with large periplasmic domains, the bacterial SecYEG complex needs to interact both with the ribosome and the SecA ATPase. Although the binding sites for SecA and the ribosome overlap, it has been suggested that these ligands can interact simultaneously with SecYEG. We used surface plasmon(More)