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BACKGROUND Several studies have examined the role of cigarette smoking in the development of renal disease in human populations. However, there have been no systematic reviews on the evidence linking smoking with incident renal disease. METHODS We performed an evidence-based evaluation of peer-reviewed research published during 1966-2005, from a search of(More)
BACKGROUND Considerable research on preventive health care behaviors has been conducted in different segments of the population. Although nurses are the largest group of direct health care providers (3 million), little is known about their preventive health care behaviors. As the average age of nurses working in the United States (US) increases (mean age 47(More)
Due to the inconsistent observations and suboptimal quality of the study designs, there is insufficient clinical evidence to suggest that increased salt intake may adversely modify the rate of progression of kidney disease. However, there is experimental evidence to suggest a link between increased salt exposure and kidney tissue injury. Further clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Dietary salt has been debated for decades as having a potentially deleterious influence on human health. OBJECTIVES To determine the quality of research and the relationship between dietary salt and markers for progression of kidney disease. METHODS Data sources included 7 electronic databases comprehensively searched for literature published(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is common, but underrecognized, in patients in the health care system, where improving patient safety is a high priority. Poor disease recognition and several other features of CKD make it a high-risk condition for adverse safety events. In this review, we discuss the unique attributes of CKD that make it a high-risk condition(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking is a modifiable behaviour that may hasten the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Cotinine, a nicotine metabolite, is measurable in body fluids, including urine, and can be utilized as an objective measure of smoking exposure. Its use has not been examined in the CKD population. METHODS In this cross-sectional study, we(More)
With the increasing nationwide emphasis on eHealth, there has been a rapid growth in the use of the Internet to deliver health promotion interventions. Although there has been a great deal of research in this field, little information is available regarding the methodologies to develop and implement effective online interventions. This article describes two(More)
This study examined health care worker satisfaction with the use of non-powdered natural rubber latex (NRL) surgical gloves to determine the impact of non-powdered NRL gloves on the NRL sensitization of operating room personnel. The study used a 1-year longitudinal design to obtain recall information from employees about their NRL exposure. Additionally, a(More)
An estimated 10 million Americans age 50 and older have osteoporosis, and many experience associated fractures. Although several interventions have been shown to be effective in preventing osteoporosis, their impact on bone health among older adults was limited. The aim of this study was, therefore, to examine the effects of a theory-based online bone(More)
BACKGROUND Of the known risk factors for chronic kidney disease (CKD), race represents one that is non-modifiable, while smoking is another that is modifiable. Moreover, smoking tends to increase red blood cell mass, which is frequently diminished in CKD. No studies have examined the interplay of race with smoking on anaemia management in patients with CKD.(More)