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Dopamine (DA) activity in the medial preoptic area (MPOA) contributes to the control of male rat sexual behavior. We tested (1) whether extracellular DA increases during precopulatory exposure to an estrous female and during copulation, (2) whether exposure to another male increases extracellular DA, (3) whether motor activity during copulation accounts for(More)
Male rat copulatory ability decreases dramatically following castration. This may be due in part to the impairment of medial preoptic area (MPOA) dopamine (DA) release. Previous studies showed that extracellular DA levels in the MPOA of castrates were lower than in intact males, both during basal conditions and in the presence of a receptive female.(More)
The stimuli from a receptive female and/or copulation itself leads to the release of dopamine (DA) in at least three integrative hubs. The nigrostriatal system promotes somatomotor activity; the mesolimbic system subserves numerous types of motivation; and the medial preoptic area (MPOA) focuses the motivation onto specifically sexual targets, increases(More)
The medial preoptic area (MPOA) is an important integrative site for male sexual behavior. We have reported an increase in dopamine (DA) release in the MPOA of male rats shortly before and during copulation. Postcastration loss of copulatory ability mirrored the loss of the precopulatory DA response to an estrous female. The present study investigated the(More)
Steroid hormones prime neural circuits for sexual behavior, in part by regulating enzymes, receptors, or other proteins affecting neurotransmitter function. Dopamine facilitates male sexual behavior in numerous species and is released before and/or during copulation in three integrative neural systems. The nigrostriatal system enhances readiness to respond;(More)
Dopamine (DA) is released in the medial preoptic area (MPOA) of male rats in the presence of a female, and it facilities male sexual behavior. Castration blocks the DA response to a female and the male's ability to copulate. The present experiments examined the effects of castration on (1) basal levels of extracellular DA in the MPOA, using the no net flux(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation and deep brain stimulation have emerged as therapeutic modalities for treatment refractory depression; however, little remains known regarding the circuitry that mediates the therapeutic effect of these approaches. Here we show that direct optogenetic stimulation of prefrontal cortex (PFC) descending projection neurons in(More)
Dopamine (DA) is released in the medial preoptic area (MPOA) of male rats during copulation. DA agonists infused into the MPOA facilitate, and antagonists impair, copulatory behavior. Local administration of the nitric oxide (NO) precursor L-arginine also increases DA release in the MPOA. The present experiment used microdialysis to test whether NO promotes(More)
This study was conducted to investigate the toxicity of cadmium and to evaluate the effectiveness of maifanite in preventing cadmium-induced adverse effects. Thirty-two crossbred pigs (Duroc × Landrace × Large white, sex balanced, 17.25 ± 0.07 kg average body weight) were randomly allotted to one of four dietary treatments in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement,(More)
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