Jean-pierre Kinet

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The molecular mechanisms that regulate basal or background entry of divalent cations into mammalian cells are poorly understood. Here we describe the cloning and functional characterization of a Ca2+- and Mg2+-permeable divalent cation channel, LTRPC7 (nomenclature compatible with that proposed in ref. 1), a new member of the LTRPC family of putative ion(More)
Free ADP-ribose (ADPR), a product of NAD hydrolysis and a breakdown product of the calcium-release second messenger cyclic ADPR (cADPR), has no defined role as an intracellular signalling molecule in vertebrate systems. Here we show that a 350-amino-acid protein (designated NUDT9) and a homologous domain (NUDT9 homology domain) near the carboxy terminus of(More)
Fear can be acquired vicariously through social observation of others suffering from aversive stimuli. We found that mice (observers) developed freezing behavior by observing other mice (demonstrators) receive repetitive foot shocks. Observers had higher fear responses when demonstrators were socially related to themselves, such as siblings or mating(More)
The high affinity receptor for immunoglobulin E (designated Fc epsilon RI) is the member of the antigen (Ag) receptor superfamily responsible for linking pathogen-or allergen-specific IgEs with cellular immunologic effector functions. This review provides background information on Fc epsilon RI function combined with more detailed summaries of recent(More)
Calcium-activated nonselective (CAN) cation channels are expressed in various excitable and nonexcitable cells supporting important cellular responses such as neuronal bursting activity, fluid secretion, and cardiac rhythmicity. We have cloned and characterized a second form of TRPM4, TRPM4b, a member of the TRP channel family, as a molecular candidate of a(More)
CRACM1 (also called Orai1) constitutes the pore subunit of store-operated calcium release-activated calcium channels. A point mutation in the gene encoding CRACM1 is associated with severe combined immunodeficiency disease in humans. Here we generated CRACM1-deficient mice in which beta-galactosidase activity 'reported' CRACM1 expression. CRACM1-deficient(More)
Depletion of intracellular calcium stores activates store-operated calcium entry across the plasma membrane in many cells. STIM1, the putative calcium sensor in the endoplasmic reticulum, and the calcium release-activated calcium (CRAC) modulator CRACM1 (also known as Orai1) in the plasma membrane have recently been shown to be essential for controlling the(More)
Receptor-mediated Ca(2+) release from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is often followed by Ca(2+) entry through Ca(2+)-release-activated Ca(2+) (CRAC) channels in the plasma membrane . RNAi screens have identified STIM1 as the putative ER Ca(2+) sensor and CRACM1 (Orai1; ) as the putative store-operated Ca(2+) channel. Overexpression of both proteins is(More)
The high-affinity Fc receptor for IgE (FcepsilonRI), a multimeric immune receptor, is a crucial structure for IgE-mediated allergic reactions. In recent years, advances have been made in several important areas of the study of FcepsilonRI. The first area relates to FcepsilonRI-mediated biological responses that are antigen independent. The second area(More)
Dos/Gab family scaffolding adapters (Dos, Gab1, Gab2) bind several signal relay molecules, including the protein-tyrosine phosphatase Shp-2 and phosphatidylinositol-3-OH kinase (PI(3)K); they are also implicated in growth factor, cytokine and antigen receptor signal transduction. Mice lacking Gab1 die during embryogenesis and show defective responses to(More)