Jean-michel Robert

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Unusual chemicals produced by the-'blue oyster' diatom, Haslea ostrearia, include the water-soluble blue pigment marennine and numerous polyunsaturated sesterterpene oils or haslenes. Aqueous extracts of the alga exhibit in vitro and in vivo activities against human lung cancer cells and anti-HIV effects. Here we report that three haslenes also demonstrate(More)
The 18S ribosomal DNA molecular phylogeny and lipid composition of over 120 marine diatoms showed that the capability to biosynthesize highly branched isoprenoid (HBI) alkenes is restricted to two specific phylogenetic clusters, which independently evolved in centric and pennate diatoms. The molecular record of C25 HBI chemical fossils in a large suite of(More)
Polyunsaturated highly branched isoprenoid (HBI) hydrocarbon distributions of laboratory cultures of five strains of the planktonic diatom Rhizosolenia setigera (Brightwell) are shown herein to be highly variable. Some strains produced both haslenes with from three to five double bonds and rhizenes. The haslenes comprised not only Delta5 alkenes but also(More)
INTRODUCTION Atrial dilation and rapid pacing reduce atrial effective refractory periods (AERPs), thereby increasing the susceptibility to sustained atrial fibrillation (AF) in Langendorff-perfused rabbit hearts. It is unclear whether similar pathophysiologic mechanisms are operative in short-term electrophysiologic changes caused by dilation and rapid(More)
The structures and distributions of C25 highly branched isoprenoid (HBI) alkenes (Haslenes) have been determined following isolation from cultures of the diatoms Haslea ostrearia, Haslea crucigera, Haslea pseudostrearia and Haslea saltstonica. The distributions of the HBIs change between Haslea species and also between different cultures of the same(More)
The circulation of microorganisms in tangential flow filtration systems induces perturbations and then the damage of brittle cells. This work is focused on the shearing of two marine microalgae species (Skeletonema costatum and Haslea ostrearia), both largely cultivated in western France (Région des Pays de la Loire). We have studied the effects of the(More)
We describe an innovative yet straightforward method to obtain high quality thin sections of diatom exoskeletons for observation by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The use of this new technique allows for clear observations of some ultrastructural valve features, including the raphe, which are generally difficult to observe and describe accurately using(More)
C(25) highly branched isoprenoid (HBI) alkenes are ubiquitous lipids found in geochemical samples around the globe. The origins of these widespread geochemicals are believed to be restricted to a limited number of diatoms, including Haslea ostrearia (and related species), Rhizosolenia setigera, and Pleurosigma intermedium. The unsaturation of the HBI(More)
Two prominent diatoms encountered in oyster-ponds,Haslea ostrearia and Skeletonema costatum,were grown in batch and in a semi-continuous modeunder light of different spectral quality, white, blueor blue-green. The last corresponded to white lightmodified by a water-soluble pigment, marennine,produced by H. ostrearia. After acclimation tothe different light(More)
The interaction of Na+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Zn2+ and La3+ with heparin, a highly negatively charged glycosaminoglycan, was studied by 1H and 23Na nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. 1H chemical shift and nuclear Overhauser effect (NOE) data indicate that the counter ions Na+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ interact with the low pH, carboxylic acid form of heparin by(More)