Jean-michel Gaulier

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A collaborative case-control study was conducted in France in order to determine the prevalence of alcohol, cannabinoids, opiates, cocaine metabolites, amphetamines and therapeutic psychoactive drugs in blood samples from drivers injured in road accidents and to compare these values with those of a control population. Recruitment was performed in emergency(More)
Acute intoxications after ingesting glyphosate are observed in suicidal or accidental cases. Despite low potential toxicity of this herbicide, a number of fatalities and severe outcomes are reported. Indeed, some authors have described the clinical features associated with blood and urine concentrations following intoxication. The purpose of this study is(More)
Ethyl glucuronide (EtG) determination is increasingly used in clinical and forensic toxicology to document ethanol consumption. The enzymes involved in EtG production, as well as potential interactions with common drugs of abuse, have not been extensively studied. Activities of human liver (HLM), kidney (HKM), and intestinal (HIM) microsomes, as well as of(More)
The two major challenges in hair analysis are the limited amount of samples usually available and the low targeted concentrations. To overcome these limitations, a liquid chromatography-electrospray-tandem mass spectrometry method (LC-ESI-MS/MS) allowing the simultaneous analysis of 17 amphetamines (amphetamine, BDB, m-CPP, dexfenfluramine, DOB, DOM,(More)
In clinical or forensic toxicology, general unknown screening procedures are used to identify as many xenobiotics as possible, belonging to numerous chemical classes. We present here a general unknown screening procedure based on liquid chromatography coupled with use of a single linear ion trap mass spectrometer, and focus on the identification of(More)
Primary hyperoxaluria type 1 (PH1) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterised by an increased urinary excretion of calcium oxalate, leading to recurrent urolithiasis, nephrocalcinosis and accumulation of insoluble oxalate throughout the body (oxalosis) when the glomerular filtration rate falls to below 40–20 mL/min per 1.73 m2. The disease is due(More)
Postmortem drug concentrations do not necessarily reflect concentrations at the time of death, as drug levels may vary according to the sampling site and the interval between death and specimen collection. These site- and time-dependent variations are called "postmortem redistribution" (PMR). The underlying mechanisms are complex and of different types.(More)
A collaborative study was conducted in France in order to determine the prevalence of cannabinoids, opiates, cocaine metabolites and amphetamines in blood samples from drivers killed in road accidents in 2003 and 2004 and to compare these values with those of a previous study performed during the period 2000-2001 involving 900 drivers. Blood samples were(More)
Previous studies have shown a shift of preferences from carbohydrate to fat and a decrease in protein intake in self-selected Lou/c rats with advancing age. This study investigated a potential neurochemical mechanism underlying age-related modifications by evaluating the effects of fenfluramine (dl-F), a drug that enhances 5-HT release and blocks its(More)