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OBJECTIVES Arterial pulse pressure variation (PPV) and digital plethysmographic variability index (PVI) have been proposed to predict fluid responsiveness during anesthesia and in critically ill(More)
OBJECTIVES The authors hypothesized that bioimpedance cardiography measured by the Endotracheal Cardiac Output Monitor (ECOM; ConMed, Utica, NY) is a convenient and reliable method for both cardiac(More)