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Liver transplantation has become a clinical therapeutic modality for end stage liver diseases. The results achieved in children are better than in adults: in T.E. Starzl unique experience in Pittsburgh, USA, the survival rate at one and four years are 75 and 70% respectively. Complete rehabilitation of these children can nowadays be expected. Between March(More)
The development of pediatric liver transplantation is considerably hampered by the dire shortage of small donor organs. This is a very sad situation because in most experienced centers, liver replacement can offer a long-term hope of survival of more than 70% in a growing variety of pediatric liver disorders. The reported experience with 54 reduced-size(More)
Biliary atresia is the most frequent cause of chronic cholestasis in infants. When left untreated, this condition leads to death from liver insufficiency within the first 2 yr of life. The modern therapeutic approach consists of a sequential strategy with Kasai portoenterostomy as a first step and, in case of failure, liver transplantation. After(More)
BACKGROUND Neonates and small infants represent less than 5% of paediatric candidates for liver replacement. Most cases present under urgent conditions and receive grafts from large donors. Surgical techniques must be adapted for adequate graft preparation, vascular reconstruction, and abdominal closure. METHODS Technical aspects and outcome of 15 liver(More)
Stenosis of the suprahepatic inferior vena caval anastomosis is a rare but serious vascular complication after liver transplantation. It may cause significant obstruction to venous drainage from the allograft liver and result in the Budd-Chiari syndrome with massive ascites and pleural effusion causing respiratory compromise. The authors report two such(More)
Portal hypertension leads to a wide variety of complications, which lead to significant morbidity and mortality and are some of the leading reasons for liver transplantation in children with chronic liver disease. Evidence-based approaches to the management of adults with portal hypertension exist and have been comprehensively reviewed in a series of(More)
Twenty-three pediatric liver transplant recipients (median age 3.9 years) were converted from cyclosporine A-based immunosuppression to FK506 for uncontrollable acute rejection (AR; n = 16), chronic rejection (n = 4), or predominantly nonspecific hepatitis (n = 3). Of these, 19 had received poly- or monoclonal anti-T lymphocyte antibodies either for AR(More)
The children's liver transplantation program at the University of Louvain Medical School in Brussels has been organized with a multidisciplinary pediatric approach. The age distribution of the first 139 patients transplanted between March 1984 and June 1989 is characterized by the distinct preponderance of infants and small children (62.5% younger than 3(More)
Hepatic mesenchymal hamartoma is a rare benign tumour in children. It is often large and centrally located in the liver at diagnosis, making surgical resection difficult; thus non-radical resection has been proposed in the past as acceptable management. However, a literature survey and a case with recurrence associated with cytogenetic anomalies suggest(More)