Jean-Yves Toullec

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BACKGROUND The Ice krill, Euphausia crystallorophias is one of the species at the base of the Southern Ocean food chain. Given their significant contribution to the biomass of the Southern Ocean, it is vitally important to gain a better understanding of their physiology and, in particular, anticipate their responses to climate change effects in the warming(More)
BACKGROUND The Antarctic krill Euphausia superba is a keystone species in the Antarctic food chain. Not only is it a significant grazer of phytoplankton, but it is also a major food item for charismatic megafauna such as whales and seals and an important Southern Ocean fisheries crop. Ecological data suggest that this species is being affected by climate(More)
The vent shrimps, Mirocaris fortunata and Rimicaris exoculata, live in a highly fluctuating thermal environment and undergo frequent temperature bursts. As a first step in the investigation of the response to heat stress, this work aimed to characterize stress proteins in these two species. Complementary deoxyribonucleic acid (cDNA) clones encoding a 70-kDa(More)
Peptides and proteins are chiral molecules with their structure determined by the composition and configuration of the amino acids constituting them. Natural amino acids (except glycine) display two chiral types (l- and d-enantiomers). For example, the presence of octopine, a derivative of l-arginine and d-alanine in octopus, or peptidyl poly-d-glutamic(More)
Crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) and vitellogenesis-inhibiting hormone (VIH), produced by the X organ-sinus gland neurosecretory complex, belong to a peptide group referred to as the CHH family, which is widely distributed in arthropods. In this study, genetic variants and post-translationally modified isoforms of CHH and VIH were characterized in the(More)
Crustacean Hyperglycemic Hormone (CHH) family peptides are neurohormones known to regulate several important functions in decapod crustaceans such as ionic and energetic metabolism, molting and reproduction. The structural conservation of these peptides, together with the variety of functions they display, led us to investigate their evolutionary history.(More)
A subgroup of neurons in the classical X organ sinus gland neuroendocrine system of the crayfish (Orconectes limosus) eyestalk produces two chiral forms of the crustacean hyperglycemic hormone (CHH) in two different types of neurons: CHH in 22 cells and D Phe(3) CHH in eight cells. Previous reports have demonstrated that release of CHH from the sinus gland(More)
The neuropeptides of the crustacean hyperglycaemic hormone (CHH) family are encoded by a multigene family and are involved in a wide spectrum of essential functions. In order to characterize CHH family peptides in one of the last groups of decapods not yet investigated, CHH was studied in two anomurans: the hermit crab Pagurus bernhardus and the squat(More)
Ultrastructural observations of the gills of the hydrothermal vent shrimp Rimicaris exoculata reveal that the epithelial cells contain numerous mitochondria clustered around unusual organelles (diameter of 0.7 to 2.5 microns) containing membrane stacks. These organelles were termed sulphide-oxidising bodies (SOBs) by structural analogy with organelles(More)
The annelid Paralvinella grasslei is a deep-sea vent endemic species that colonizes the wall of active chimneys. We report here the first data on its thermal biology based on in vivo experiments in pressurized aquaria. Our results demonstrate that P. grasslei survives a 30 min exposure at 30 degrees C, and suggest that the upper thermal limit of this(More)