Jean Yves Lapointe

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Potassium channel activity of the basolateral membrane of the collagenase-treated rabbit proximal convoluted tubule (PCT) was studied during continuous luminal microperfusion. In cell-attached patches (high-K pipette) an inwardly rectifying potassium channel was observed with an inward slope conductance of 60.8 +/- 3.3 pS (n = 12) and outward slope(More)
In several epithelial and nonepithelial tissues a functional link between the basolateral Na(+)-K(+)-adenosinetriphosphatase (Na(+)-K(+)-ATPase) and a basolateral K+ conductance has been established. However, the nature of this link is unclear. We have previously identified a K+ channel on the basolateral membrane of the proximal convoluted tubule perfused(More)
We describe two siblings from a consanguineous family with autosomal recessive Fanconi's syndrome and hypophosphatemic rickets. Genetic analysis revealed a homozygous in-frame duplication of 21 bp in SLC34A1, which encodes the renal sodium-inorganic phosphate cotransporter NaPi-IIa, as the causative mutation. Functional studies in Xenopus laevis oocytes and(More)
A cDNA clone was isolated from rabbit renal cortex using DNA-mediated expression cloning, which caused alanine-dependent outward currents when expressed in Xenopus oocytes. The cDNA encodes rBAT, a Na-independent amino acid transporter previously cloned elsewhere. Exposure of cDNA-injected oocytes to neutral amino acids led to voltage-dependent outward(More)
The Na+-glucose cotransporter (SGLT1) expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes was shown to generate a phlorizin-sensitive sodium leak in the absence of sugars. Using the current model for SGLT1, where the sodium leak was presumed to occur after two sodium ions are bound to the free carrier before glucose binding, a characteristic concentration constant (Kc) was(More)
The human Na(+)-glucose cotransporter (hSGLT1) has been shown to generate, in the absence of sugar, presteady-state currents in response to a change in potential, which could be fitted with single exponentials once the voltage had reached a new constant value. By the cut-open oocyte technique (voltage rising-speed approximately 1 mV/microsecond),(More)
Changes in macula densa intracellular pH (pHi) were used to monitor the direction of flux mediated by the apical Na:2Cl:K cotransporter. At the macula densa, a decrease in luminal [Cl] ([Cl]1) from 60 to 1 mM produced cellular alkalinization secondary to a cascade of events involving a decrease in apical Na:2Cl:K cotransport, a fall in intracellular [Na](More)
A common feature of sodium-reabsorbing epithelia is their ability to match salt entry to salt exit. It is recognized that a key strategy to perform this feat involves the coupling between basolateral sodium pump and potassium conductance (pump-leak coupling). In the renal proximal tubule this coupling is of major importance, as regions of this nephron(More)
Transepithelial (psi T) and basolateral (psi BL) potential difference was measured in rabbit proximal convoluted tubules perfused in vitro. In control solution without protein, the mean psi BL was -54 +/- 2.2 mV (n = 57). Luminal substitution of K by Na had no effect. Complete luminal substitution of glucose and alanine, 110 mM substitution of Na or NaCl(More)
It recently was proposed [Loo, D. D. F., Zeuthen, T., Chandy, G. & Wright, E. M. (1996) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 93, 13367--13370] that SGLT1, the high affinity intestinal and renal sodium/glucose cotransporter carries water molecules along with the cosubstrates with a strict stoichiometry of two Na(+), one glucose, and approximately 220 water molecules(More)