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Sir2 is a NAD+-dependent protein deacetylase that extends lifespan in yeast and worms. This study examines seven human proteins homologous to Sir2 (SIRT1 through SIRT7) for cellular localization, expression profiles, protein deacetylation activity, and effects on human cell lifespan. We found that: 1) three nuclear SIRT proteins (SIRT1, SIRT6, and SIRT7)(More)
Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is a principal mediator of inflammation in diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and osteoarthritis. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications (NSAIDs) and selective cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) inhibitors reduce PGE2 production to diminish the inflammation seen in these diseases, but have toxicities that may include both(More)
NF-kappaB transcription factors regulate inflammatory responses to cytokines such as IL-1beta and TNF-alpha. We tested whether PGE2 regulated nuclear localization of individual NF-kappaB subunits, p65 and p50, in synovial fibroblasts harvested from patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). IL-1beta/TNF-alpha stimulated the translocation of p65 and p50 from(More)
Annexins are intracellular molecules implicated in the down-regulation of inflammation. Recently, annexin-1 has also been identified as a secreted molecule, suggesting it may have more complex effects on inflammation than previously appreciated. We studied the role of annexin-1 in mediating MMP-1 secretion from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial fibroblasts(More)
OBJECTIVE Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with patients' recognition of SLE as an independent risk factor for CVD and their perception of their personal CVD risk. METHODS SLE patients were sent questionnaires(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether protein prenylation (farnesyl/geranylgeranylation) regulates matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) secretion from rheumatoid arthritis (RA) synovial fibroblasts (RASFs), and whether MMP-1 secretion can be regulated by statins or prenyltransferase inhibitors via effects mediated by ERK, JNK, and NF-kappaB. METHODS RASFs obtained(More)
Three assays of cell-mediated cytotoxicity in mice, involving release of either 51Cr (CRA), 125iododeoxyuridine (IRA), or [3H]proline (PRA), were compared under identical test conditions. Experiments were performed with effector cells from mice immunized with FBL-3 tumor cells, a syngeneic Friend virus-induced leukemia, or with allogeneic normal spleen(More)
By employing the 125IUdR release cytotoxicity assay, we have been able to measure the primary and secondary cell-mediated cytotoxic response of C57BL/6 mice to FBL-3 cells, a syngeneic Friend virus-induced leukemia. It was found that the secondary cell-mediated cytotoxic response occurred more rapidly after challenge (within 3 days) than the primary(More)