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BACKGROUND Blockade of parietal nociceptive afferents by the use of continuous wound infiltration with local anesthetics may be beneficial in a multimodal approach to postoperative pain management after major surgery. The role of continuous preperitoneal infusion of ropivacaine for pain relief and postoperative recovery after open colorectal resections was(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the effects of increasing mean arterial pressure (MAP) on renal resistances assessed by Doppler ultrasonography in septic shock. DESIGN AND SETTING Prospective, single-center, nonrandomized, open-label trial in the surgical intensive care unit in a university teaching hospital. PATIENTS AND PARTICIPANTS 11 patients with septic(More)
Pharmacokinetics and protein binding of bupivacaine were studied after caudal injection of 2.5 mg/kg in 13 ASA PS 1 infants (1-6 months of age) scheduled for elective hernia repair. Blood was sampled at frequent intervals from 5 min to 600 min in all but one patients. Additional samples were taken at 720 and 840 min in five patients. Bupivacaine(More)
BACKGROUND A single dose of preemptive gabapentin reduces postoperative pain and postoperative analgesic consumption. However, the optimal dose of preemptive gabapentin remains to be evaluated. METHODS In this prospective study, we defined the median effective analgesic dose using an up-and-down sequential allocation technique of preemptive gabapentin in(More)
Mean arterial pressure (MAP) is estimated at the brachial artery level by adding a fraction of pulse pressure (form factor; =0.33) to diastolic pressure. We tested the hypothesis that a fixed form factor can also be used at the aortic root level. We recorded systolic aortic pressure (SAP) and diastolic aortic pressure (DAP), and we calculated aortic pulse(More)
AIMS Propofol is a widely used i.v. anaesthetic agent. However, its binding properties to blood components have not been fully studied. METHODS We studied the binding of propofol to erythrocytes, to human serum and to isolated serum proteins. Because propofol bound to ultrafiltration and equilibrium dialysis membranes, we used a co-binding technique with(More)
  • J X Mazoit, A Decaux, H Bouaziz, A Edouard
  • 2000
BACKGROUND Numerous local anesthetics have an asymmetric tetrahedron carbon, which confers stereoselective differences between the isomers. The authors attempted to quantify the depressant effect of racemic bupivacaine, levobupivacaine, and ropivacaine on myocardial ventricular conduction and on myocardial contractility. METHODS The authors studied the(More)
BACKGROUND Newborns and infants seem to be at greater risk of bupivacaine cardiotoxicity than adults do. Few experiments have studied the effects of local anesthetics on myocardium associated with developmental changes, and their conclusions are conflicting. The authors compared the effects of bupivacaine on an isolated heart preparation in newborn and(More)
We studied the relationship between in vitro bacteriological parameters [minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) and killing rate, defined as the reduction in the inoculum within 1, 3 or 6 hr] and in vivo activity of amoxicillin against 12 strains of Streptococcus pneumoniae, with penicillin MICs of < 0.01 to 16(More)
The aim of this study was to describe, in rats, brain energy metabolites changes after different levels of head trauma (T) complicated by hypoxia-hypotension (HH). Male Sprague Dawley rats (n = 7 per groups) were subjected to T by impact-acceleration with 450-g weight drop from 1.50 or 1.80 m (T 1.50 or T 1.80), or to a 15-min period of HH (controlled(More)