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The kinetics of endothelial cells during microvascular growth were studied using a model of inflammation-induced neovascularization of the rat cornea. Inflammation was produced by central silver nitrate cauterization, cellular proliferation was assessed by tritiated-thymidine autoradiography and nuclear counts on plastic sections, and formation of new(More)
Defects in the conversion of androstenedione to testosterone in the fetal testes by the enzyme 17β–hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (17β–HSD) give rise to genetic males with female external genitalia. We have used expression cloning to isolate cDNAs encoding a microsomal 17β–HSD type 3 isozyme that shares 23% sequence identity with other 1 7β–HSD enzymes, uses(More)
We describe 14 patients with congenital absence of the vagina associated with a variable abnormality of the uterus and review the literature. Associated developmental anomalies of the urinary tract and skeleton are common. As a result of the analysis of two affected families, we believe that the disorder may represent the variable manifestation of a single(More)
Two isozymes of steroid 5 alpha-reductase encoded by separate loci catalyze the conversion of testosterone to dihydrotestosterone. Inherited defects in the type 2 isozyme lead to male pseudohermaphroditism in which affected males have a normal internal urogenital tract but external genitalia resembling those of a female. The 5 alpha-reductase type 2 gene(More)
In the 20 yr since it was established that impairment of dihydrotestosterone formation is the cause of a rare form of human intersex, a wealth of information has accumulated about the genetics, endocrinology, and variable phenotypic manifestations, culminating in the cloning of cDNAs encoding two 5 alpha-reductase genes and documentation that mutations in(More)
We report the isolation of a cDNA that encodes the complete human androgen receptor. The cDNA predicts a protein of 917 amino acids with a molecular weight of 98,918. Introduction of the cDNA into heterologous mammalian cells caused expression of high levels of a protein that binds dihydrotestosterone with the affinity, specificity, and sedimentation(More)
We have analyzed the nucleotide sequence of the androgen receptor from 22 unrelated subjects with substitution mutations of the hormone-binding domain. Eleven had the phenotype of complete testicular feminization, four had incomplete testicular feminization, and seven had Reifenstein syndrome. The underlying functional defect in cultured skin fibroblasts(More)