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The retinoblastoma tumour suppressor protein RB is cleaved by caspases during apoptosis. Here we have mutated the caspase cleavage site in the carboxy terminus of the murine Rb protein in the mouse germ line to create the Rb-MI allele. After endotoxic shock, expression of Rb-MI inhibits apoptosis in the intestines, but not in the spleen, and promotes the(More)
To what extent are motor networks underlying rhythmic behaviors rigidly hard-wired versus fluid and dynamic entities? Do the members of motor networks change from moment-to-moment or from motor program episode-to-episode? These are questions that can only be addressed in systems where it is possible to monitor the spiking activity of networks of neurons(More)
Loss of DNA mismatch repair has been observed in a variety of human cancers. Recent studies have shown that loss of DNA mismatch repair results in resistance to cisplatin but not oxaliplatin, suggesting that the mismatch repair proteins serve as a detector for cisplatin but not oxaliplatin adducts. To identify the signal transduction pathways with which the(More)
The histone H3 variant CENP-A is required for epigenetic specification of centromere identity through a loading mechanism independent of DNA sequence. Using multiphoton absorption and DNA cleavage at unique sites by I-SceI endonuclease, we demonstrate that CENP-A is rapidly recruited to double-strand breaks in DNA, along with three components (CENP-N,(More)
  • J Y Wang
  • 1998
The exposure of cells to DNA damage inducers triggers a wide range of cellular responses including an alteration in gene expression, a delay in cell-cycle progression and the stimulation of DNA repair. In multicellular organisms, DNA damage can also activate programmed cell death. Recently, several signaling pathways that link DNA damage to gene expression(More)
Recent studies have shown that RB can inhibit apoptosis, independently of its ability to block cell proliferation. This poses the question of how cells choose to grow or to die when RB becomes inactivated. RB is phosphorylated following mitogenic stimulation, but it is degraded in response to death stimuli. Most sporadic cancers also inactivate RB by(More)
New therapies are needed to prevent heart failure after myocardial infarction (MI). As experimental treatment strategies for MI approach translation, safety and efficacy must be established in relevant animal models that mimic the clinical situation. We have developed an injectable hydrogel derived from porcine myocardial extracellular matrix as a scaffold(More)
Posttranslational modifications of p53, including phosphorylation and acetylation, play important roles in regulating p53 stability and activity. Mouse p53 is acetylated at lysine 317 by PCAF and at multiple lysine residues at the extreme carboxyl terminus by CBP/p300 in response to genotoxic and some nongenotoxic stresses. To determine the physiological(More)
The retinoblastoma protein (RB) suppresses cell proliferation and apoptosis. We have previously shown that RB degradation is required for tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) to induce apoptosis. We show here the identification of two apoptotic effectors, i.e., c-ABL tyrosine kinase and p73, which are activated by TNF-alpha following RB degradation. In(More)
Auto-inhibition describes the capacity of proteins to adopt a self-imposed latent conformation. Recently, a crystal structure of the Abl tyrosine kinase has revealed its ability to auto-inhibit. However, a separate body of work suggests that other cellular proteins also inhibit Abl. To reconcile the crystal structure with Abl inhibitors, I propose that Abl(More)