Jean Villard

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By virtue of its control over major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC-II) gene expression, CIITA represents a key molecule in the regulation of adaptive immune responses. It was first identified as a factor that is defective in MHC-II deficiency, a hereditary disease characterized by the absence of MHC-II expression. CIITA is a highly regulated(More)
Neural progenitor cells (NPC) of foetal origin or derived from human embryonic stem cells (HESC) have the potential to differentiate into mature neurons after transplantation into the central nervous system, opening the possibility of cell therapy for neurodegenerative disorders. In most cases, the transplanted NPC are genetically unrelated to the(More)
A 22-year-old patient whose primary kidney disease was focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) developed severe recurrence of proteinuria (up to 57 g/24 h) immediately after a haploidentic living donor kidney transplantation despite pre-operative plasmapheresis. The immunosuppressive treatment consisted of tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, basiliximab(More)
In solid organ transplanted patients, annual influenza immunization is strongly recommended because of morbidity and mortality of influenza infections. In 2009, the rapid spread of a novel H1N1 influenza A virus led to the accelerated development of novel pandemic influenza vaccines. In Switzerland, the recipients received one dose of seasonal influenza and(More)
Renal thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a severe complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), which is associated with the presence of antiphospholipid (aPL) antibodies. In its most fulminant form, TMA leads to a rapid and irreversible end-stage renal failure. Eculizumab, an anti-C5 monoclonal antibody, is a novel therapy of choice for patients(More)
Major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC-II) molecules occupy a pivotal position in the adaptive immune system, and correct regulation of their expression is therefore of critical importance for the control of the immune response. Several regulatory factors essential for the transcription of MHC-II genes have been identified by elucidation of the(More)
BACKGROUND Major-histocompatibility-complex (MHC) class II deficiency is an autosomal recessive primary immunodeficiency disease in which MHC class II molecules are absent. It is a genetically heterogeneous disease of gene regulation resulting from defects in several transactivating genes that regulate the expression of MHC class II genes. The mutations(More)
Major histocompatibility complex class II (MHCII) molecules drive the development, activation and homeostasis of CD4* T-helper cells. They play a central role in key processes of the adaptive immune system, such as the generation of T-cell-mediated immune responses, the regulation of antibody production and the development and maintenance of tol erance. It(More)
MHC class II deficiency is a severe primary immunodeficiency characterised by the absence of major histocompatibility complex class II (MHC-II) gene expression. It is genetically heterogeneous and can result from defects in at least four different trans-acting regulatory genes required for transcription of MHC-II genes. One of these genes has recently been(More)
Natural killer (NK) cells play a crucial role in the immune response to micro-organisms and tumours. Recent evidence suggests that NK cells also regulate the adaptive T-cell response and that it might be possible to exploit this ability to eliminate autoreactive T cells in autoimmune disease and alloreactive T cells in transplantation. Mature NK cells(More)