Jean-Victor Lacavé-Lapalun

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The management of proctitis in patients who have undergone very-high-dose conformal radiotherapy is extremely challenging. The fibrosis-necrosis, fistulae, and hemorrhage induced by pelvic overirradiation have an impact on morbidity. Augmenting tissue repair by the use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) may be an important advance in treating(More)
Radiation-induced acute intestinal toxicity remains a major limitation to the delivery of tumoricidal doses of colorectal irradiation. Recent reports indicate that Toll-like receptor (TLR) agonists TLR4 and TLR5 protect against toxicity due to intestinal irradiation. The phenotype (M1 or M2) of macrophages expressing TLRs may play a role in tissue repair.(More)
Radiation-induced gastrointestinal toxicity, including its shift of the immune balance, remains a major limitation to delivering tumoricidal doses of abdominal radiation therapy. This study evaluates the effect on the colon's innate and adaptive immune responses to moderate irradiation doses and the therapeutic possibilities of maintaining immune(More)
The success of mesenchymal stem cell transplantation for proctitis depends not only on cell donors but also on host microenvironmental factors, which play a major role in conditioning mesenchymal stem cell immunosuppressive action and repair. This study sought to determine if flagellin, a TLR5 ligand, can enhance the mesenchymal stem cell treatment efficacy(More)
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