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The inner membrane of the mitochondrion folds inwards, forming the cristae. This folding allows a greater amount of membrane to be packed into the mitochondrion. The data in this study demonstrate that subunits e and g of the mitochondrial ATP synthase are involved in generating mitochondrial cristae morphology. These two subunits are non-essential(More)
The proapoptotic mammalian protein Bax associates with mitochondrial membranes and confers a lethal phenotype when expressed in yeast. By generating Bax-resistant mutant yeast and using classical complementation cloning methods, subunits of the mitochondrial F0F1-ATPase proton pump were determined to be critical for Bax-mediated killing in S. cerevisiae. A(More)
The mitochondrial ATP synthase is made of a membrane-integrated F0 component that forms a proton-permeable pore through the inner membrane and a globular peripheral F1 domain where ATP is synthesized. The catalytic mechanism is thought to involve the rotation of a 10-12 c subunit ring in the F0 together with the gamma subunit of F1. An important and not yet(More)
The nuclear gene OXA1 encodes a protein located within the mitochondrial inner membrane that is required for the biogenesis of both cytochrome c oxidase (Cox) and ATPase. In the absence of Oxa1p, the translocation of the mitochondrially encoded subunit Cox2p to the intermembrane space (also referred to as export) is prevented, and it has been proposed that(More)
Amyloid deposits and neurofibrillary tangles (NFT) are the two hallmarks that characterize Alzheimer's disease (AD). In order to find the molecular partners of these degenerating processes, we have developed antibodies against insoluble AD brain lesions. One clone, named AD46, detects only NFT. Biochemical and histochemistry analyses demonstrate that the(More)
In the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, inactivation of the gene encoding the delta subunit of the ATP synthase led to a lack of assembly of the catalytic sector. In addition a slow-growth phenotype was observed on fermentable medium. This alteration appears in strains lacking intact mitochondrial DNA and showing a defect in the assembly of the catalytic(More)
Blue native polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (BN-PAGE) analyses of detergent mitochondrial extracts have provided evidence that the yeast ATP synthase could form dimers. Cross-linking experiments performed on a modified version of the i-subunit of this enzyme indicate the existence of such ATP synthase dimers in the yeast inner mitochondrial membrane. We(More)
We disassembled monomeric and dimeric yeast ATP synthase under mild conditions to identify labile proteins and transiently stable subcomplexes that had not been observed before. Specific removal of subunits alpha, beta, oligomycin sensitivity conferring protein (OSCP), and h disrupted the ATP synthase at the gamma-alpha(3)beta(3) rotor-stator interface.(More)
Subunits e and g of Saccharomyces cerevisiae ATP synthase are required to maintain ATP synthase dimeric forms. Mutants devoid of these subunits display anomalous mitochondrial morphologies. An expression system regulated by doxycycline was used to modulate the expression of the genes encoding the subunits e and g. A decrease in the amount of subunit e(More)
The three mitochondrially translated ATP synthase subunits of Saccharomyces cerevisiae were extracted from the enzyme and from whole mitochondria using an organic solvent mixture and then purified by reverse-phase HPLC. The amino acid composition of subunit 6 is close to the one predicted from the oli2 gene. The partial amino terminal sequence of subunit 6(More)