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In order to investigate the role of molecular diversity of voltage-activated sodium channel alpha-subunits in excitability of neuronal and non-neuronal cells, we carried out patch-clamp recordings and single-cell RT-PCR on two different types of mammalian excitable cells i.e. hippocampal neurons and non-neuronal utricular epithelial hair cells. In each cell(More)
The mammalian utricular sensory receptors are commonly believed to be non-spiking cells with electrical activity limited to graded membrane potential changes. Here we provide evidence that during the first post-natal week, the sensory hair cells of the rat utricle express a tetrodotoxin (TTX)-sensitive voltage-gated Na+ current that displays most of the(More)
Ca2+ influx through voltage-gated calcium channels probably influences neuronal ontogenesis. Many developing neurones transiently express T-type/Cav3 calcium channels that contribute to their electrical activity and potentially to their morphological differentiation. Here we have characterized the electrophysiological properties and the functional role of a(More)
In order to shed light on transcriptional networks involved in adult peripheral nerve repair program, we propose for the first time an organization of the transcriptional dynamics of the mouse dorsal root ganglia (DRG) following a sciatic nerve lesion. This was done by a non-hierarchical bioinformatical clustering of four Serial Analysis of Gene Expression(More)
Voltage-activated sodium currents (INa) in vestibular ganglion neurones acutely isolated from postnatal mice were investigated using the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. Under recording conditions designed to allow the complete isolation of INa depolarizations from a holding potential of -80 mV revealed a fast inactivating inward(More)
We investigated the development of a low (T-type) and two high voltage-activated (N- and L-type) calcium channel currents in large diameter dorsal root ganglion neurones acutely isolated from embryonic mice using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. The low and high voltage-activated barium currents (LVA and HVA) were identified by their distinct threshold(More)
The presence of a hyperpolarization-activated inward current (Ih) was investigated in mouse vestibular primary neurons using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. In current-clamp configuration, injection of hyperpolarizing currents induced variations of membrane voltage with prominent time-dependent rectification increasing with current amplitudes. This(More)
The effects of 2,5-di(tert-butyl)-1,4-benzohydroquinone (tBHQ), a synthetic phenolic antioxidant and a blocker of the sarco-endoplasmic ATPase, were evaluated on low and high voltage-activated Ca(2+) currents (ICas) with rodent dorsal root ganglion, hippocampal, and motor neurons. In all cell types tested, tBHQ (IC(50) = 35 microM) blocked ICa at(More)
Peripheral nerve section promotes regenerative, elongated neuritic growth of adult sensory neurons. Although the role of chloride homeostasis, through the regulation of ionotropic GABA receptors, in the growth status of immature neurons in the CNS begins to emerge, nothing is known of its role in the regenerative growth of injured adult neurons. To analyze(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the prevalence of serum antibodies to the ionotropic glutamate receptor 3 (GluR3) in patients with Rasmussen encephalitis (RE), a severe epileptic disorder, and to compare with serum from control subjects and patients with intractable epilepsy (IE). METHODS The authors looked for serum immunoglobulin (Ig) G antibodies to GluR3 in 30(More)