Jean Valmier

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Low-threshold mechanoreceptor neurons (LTMs) of the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) are essential for touch sensation. They form highly specialized terminations in the skin and display stereotyped projections in the spinal cord. Functionally defined LTMs depend on neurotrophin signaling for their postnatal survival and functioning, but how these neurons arise(More)
Voltage-activated sodium currents (INa) in vestibular ganglion neurones acutely isolated from postnatal mice were investigated using the whole-cell configuration of the patch-clamp technique. Under recording conditions designed to allow the complete isolation of INa depolarizations from a holding potential of -80 mV revealed a fast inactivating inward(More)
The presence of a hyperpolarization-activated inward current (Ih) was investigated in mouse vestibular primary neurons using the whole-cell patch-clamp technique. In current-clamp configuration, injection of hyperpolarizing currents induced variations of membrane voltage with prominent time-dependent rectification increasing with current amplitudes. This(More)
Whole cell patch-clamp recordings of calcium-activated chloride current [ICl(Ca)] were made from adult sensory neurons of naive and axotomized mouse L4-L6 lumbar dorsal root ganglia after 1 day of culture in vitro. A basal ICl(Ca) was specifically expressed in a subset of naive medium-diameter neurons (30-40 microm). Prior nerve injury, induced by sciatic(More)
In humans and rodents the adult spinal cord harbors neural stem cells located around the central canal. Their identity, precise location, and specific signaling are still ill-defined and controversial. We report here on a detailed analysis of this niche. Using microdissection and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP)-green fluorescent protein (GFP)(More)
Peripheral nerve section promotes regenerative, elongated neuritic growth of adult sensory neurons. Although the role of chloride homeostasis, through the regulation of ionotropic GABA receptors, in the growth status of immature neurons in the CNS begins to emerge, nothing is known of its role in the regenerative growth of injured adult neurons. To analyze(More)
We investigated the molecular determinants of Ca(2+)-activated chloride current (CaCC) expressed in adult sensory neurons after a nerve injury. Dorsal root ganglia express the transcripts of three gene families known to induce CaCCs in heterologous systems: bestrophin, tweety, and TMEM16. We found with quantitative transcriptional analysis and in situ(More)
The effects of dihydropyridines (DHPs) normally considered to be specific for L-type calcium channels were studied on the T-type Ca channel current of acutely isolated dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons taken from 13-day-old (E13) mouse embryos. Potent but reversible inhibitory effects of the DHP nicardipine were found in the micromolar range. For example,(More)
We compared the effects of representative members of three major classes of cardiac L-type channel antagonists, i.e. dihydropyridines (DHPs), phenylalkylamines (PAAs) and benzothiazepines (BTZs) on high-voltage-activated (HVA) Ca2+ channel currents recorded from a holding potential of −100 mV in rat ventricular cells, mouse sensory neurons and rat(More)
Large inward current activated by hyperpolarization was studied using whole cell patch clamp technique in type I vestibular hair cells of guinea pig. Near the resting membrane potential, at an holding potential of -60 mV (HP -60), this current increased with hyperpolarizing steps and showed time-dependent decay for steps below -80 mV. This current was(More)