Jean Vaillant

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The spontaneous firing activity of the place cells reflects the position of an experimental animal in its arena. The firing rate is high inside a part of the arena, called the firing field, and low outside. It is generally accepted concept that this is the way in which the hippocampus stores a map of the environment. This well known fact was recently(More)
Sugarcane yellow leaf virus, the causal agent of yellow leaf, is transmitted from plant to plant by aphids. Understanding and evaluating the epidemic risks due to spread of yellow leaf by aphids is an important feature for sugarcane production. Four distinct sugarcane trials were set up with disease-free plants to study the relationship between spread of(More)
Information processing in certain neuronal networks in the brain can be considered as a map of binary vectors, where ones (spikes) and zeros (no spikes) of input neurons are transformed into spikes and no spikes of output neurons. A simple but fundamental characteristic of such a map is how it transforms distances between input vectors. In particular what(More)
The spontaneous activity of first-order neurons (neuroreceptors of the mucosa) and second-order neurons (mitral cells of the bulb) was recorded extracellularly in the frog olfactory system. To assess the influence of peripheral inputs upon mitral cells, the bulb was either normally connected or partially deafferented. Our first set of findings concern the(More)
A quasi-sequential sampling plan for observing cattle was undertaken in the framework of Hypoderma bovis epidemiological surveillance. This plan enabled us to test whether or not the prevalence of Hypoderma bovis is within a threshold p0 chosen for an eradication scheme or for qualifying a zone. The sampling cost was reduced but the estimation precision(More)
It is shown that the joint behaviour of n counting processes can be used for description of neuronal spike generation in a system of n neurons with various synaptic links. This multidimensional process is suggested as a model of neuronal activity evoked by either a homogeneous or an inhomogeneous stimulus during a short time period. Several situations are(More)
This paper investigates the advantage of using the kinematic theory of rapid human movements as a complementary approach to those based on classical dynamical features to characterize and analyze kindergarten children's ability to engage in graphomotor activities as a preparation for handwriting learning. This study analyzes nine different movements taken(More)
In ecology and epidemiology, spatio-temporal distributions of events can be described by Cox processes. Situations for which there exists a hidden process which contributes to random effects on the intensity of the observed Cox process are considered. The observed process is a generalized shot noise Cox process and the hidden process is a Poisson process(More)