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Système pour l'Observation de la Terre images are used to map ground displacements induced by earthquakes. Deformations (offsets) induced by stereoscopic effect and roll, pitch, and yaw of satellite and detector artifacts are estimated and compensated. Images are then resampled in a cartographic projection with a low-bias interpolator. A subpixel correlator(More)
' ERS SAR amplitude images are utilized to map ground displacements from a sub-pixel correlation method. It yields a _ground two-dimen sional displacement field with independent measurements about every 128m in azimuth · and 250m in range. The accuracy depends on the characteristics of tbe images. For the Landers test case, the 1-cr uncertainty is 0 .8m in(More)
The matched filter is a widely used detector in hyperspectral detection applications because of its simplicity and its efficiency in practical situations. We propose to estimate its performance with respect to the number of spectral bands. These spectral bands are selected thanks to a genetic algorithm in order to optimize the contrast between the target(More)
We present an original and compact optical system inspired by the unusual eyes of a Strepsipteran insect called Xenos peckii. It is designed for a field of view of 30 degrees and is composed of multiple telescopes. An array of prisms of various angles is placed in front of these telescopes in order to set a different field of view for each channel. This(More)
We present a new method to measure the modulation transfer function (MTF) beyond the Nyquist frequency of a multichannel imaging system for which all the channels have parallel optical axes. Such a multichannel optical system produces a set of undersampled subimages. If the subimages contain nonredundant information, high spatial frequencies are folded(More)
Tolerance in angles of continuously self-imaging gratings (CSIGs) is explored. The degradation in angle of the shape of the point-spread function is theoretically investigated and illustrated by simulations and experiments. The formalism presented is inspired by the one used for classical lenses and can be easily generalized to diffraction gratings. It(More)
The performances of a compact infrared optical system using advanced pinhole optics for wide field applications are given. This concept is adapted from the classical Tisse design in order to fit with infrared issues. Despite a low light gathering efficiency and a low resolution in comparison with classical lenses, pinhole imagery provides a long depth of(More)
We consider diffraction by pixelated lenses when the lens size is significantly smaller than the diffraction pattern of single pixels. In that case, the diffraction orders show shapes that have not been identified in earlier studies and that are quite sensitive to the pixel filling ratio as well as to decentering.
We present the range of optical architectures for imaging systems based on a single optical component, an aperture stop, and a detector. Thanks to the formalism of third-order Seidel aberrations, several strategies of simplification and miniaturization of optical systems are examined. Figures of merit are also introduced to assess the basic optical(More)
We present a compact infrared cryogenic multichannel camera with a wide field of view equal to 120°. By merging the optics with the detector, the concept is compatible with both cryogenic constraints and wafer-level fabrication. The design strategy of such a camera is described, as well as its fabrication and integration process. Its characterization has(More)