Jean Sassard

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Mechanisms underlying systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure and heart rate (HR) beat-to-beat variability were investigated using spectral analysis in conscious genetically normotensive (LN) and hypertensive (LH) adult rats from the Lyon strains. In LN rats, basal SBP, DBP, and HR spectra exhibited peaks in low (LF: 0.38-0.45 Hz) and high (HF:(More)
Models of human disease have long been used to understand the basic pathophysiology of disease and to facilitate the discovery of new therapeutics. However, as long as models have been used there have been debates about the utility of these models and their ability to mimic clinical disease at the phenotypic level. The application of genetic studies to both(More)
1. The short-term (within 30 min periods) and the long-term (among 30 min periods) variabilities, expressed as variation coefficients, of blood pressure (BP) and heart period (HP) were studied using a computer analysis of BP recordings in freely moving genetically hypertensive (LH), normotensive (LN) and low BP (LL) rats of Lyon strains at ages 5, 9, 21 and(More)
The complex nature of hypertension makes identifying the pathophysiology and its genetic contributions a challenging task. One powerful approach for the genetic dissection of blood pressure regulation is studying inbred rat models of hypertension, as they provide natural allele variants but reduced heterogeneity (both genetic and etiologic). Furthermore,(More)
Cardiovascular effects of human recombinant interleukin-1 beta (hrIL-1 beta) were investigated in normotensive rats using a computerized analysis of arterial blood pressure in conscious, unrestrained animals. Intravenous injection of hrIL-1 beta induced a rapid and short-lasting rise in blood pressure associated with a first slight tachycardia followed by a(More)
1. The kinetics of the hypolipidaemic drug, ciprofibrate, were studied after a single oral dose (100 mg) in subjects with normal renal function (n = 6), patients with mild (n = 6) and severe (n = 6) renal insufficiency as well as in haemodialysed patients (n = 5). 2. Under fasting conditions, ciprofibrate, was absorbed rapidly in subjects with normal renal(More)
The relationship between blood pressure (BP) and cardiovascular risk is clearly established; hypertension increases the rate of cardiovascular. High systolic blood pressure (SBP) may be the main parameter involved in cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The benefit of lowering BP, particularly with diuretics has been proven in many outcome studies.(More)
The Lyon model of genetic hypertension is made of 3 simultaneously selected strains, one hypertensive (LH) one normotensive (LN) and one with low blood pressure (LL). Since LN and LL rats exhibit the same blood pressure (BP) LH rats can be compared to 2 genetically pure and different strains of control animals. This proved to be useful for the(More)
Cardiac output (CO), renal blood flow (RBF), calf blood flow (CBF), and hepatic blood flow (HBF), glomerular filtration rate (GFR), and dopamine beta hydroxylase (D beta H) activity were studied in 198 men (67 normotensive controls and 131 hypertensive patients) of the same age with sustained uncomplicated essential hypertension. In the hypertensive men,(More)