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1. Morphological, biochemical and metabolic characteristics of hindlimb muscles from summer-active (SA), winter-active (WA) and hibernating (H) golden-mantled ground squirrels (Spermophilus lateralis) were examined to identify alterations resulting from seasonal periods of inactivity. 2. Cross-sectional areas of fibers from the soleus were reduced in both(More)
1. Biopsies of the extensor hallucis longus (EHL) and gastrocnemius (G) muscles of four captive black bears (Ursus americanus) were obtained prior to denning (PRE), during denning (DEN) and following the Spring arousal (POST). 2. Glycogen, triglyceride and protein concentrations did not differ significantly between the three groups. Likewise, the activity(More)
The rat whole body suspension technique mimics responses seen during exposure to microgravity and was evaluated as a model for cardiovascular responses with two series of experiments. In one series, changes were monitored in chronically catheterized rats during 7 days of head-down tilt (HDT) or non-head-down tilt (N-HDT) and after several hours of recovery.(More)
Relevance of posture assessment has been reported in case of spine disorders. This study explores the interest in quantifying posture using 3D reconstruction from biplanar X-rays in free standing position and a force plate. 93 patients consulting for spine disorders were divided (‘3D deformity’, ‘sagittal imbalance’ and ‘mild deformity’) and compared with(More)
Weightlessness is associated with a differential atrophic effect on skeletal muscle that has been attributed to both hypokinesia and hypodynamia. A suspension technique was developed to simulate this atrophic effect by inducing hypokinesia/hypodynamia (H/H) in the rat hindlimb. The purpose of the present studies was to assess the effects of H/H on protein,(More)
Hypokinetic/hypodynamic and antiorthostatic responses to weightlessness and bedrest were simulated in mice using a suspension technique. Animals were suspended for 1 or 2 weeks in an antiorthostatic posture and positioned to permit freedom of movement but eliminate load bearing by the hindlimbs. Suspended mice exhibited reduced food and water intakes and(More)
Whole-body hypokinetic-hypodynamic (H/H) suspension, unlike other models of muscle disuse, allows voluntary contractile activity. This study examined the oxidative capacity and insulin sensitivity of rat hindlimb muscles subjected to 7 days of suspension H/H conditions. Oxidative capacity was determined by measuring citrate synthase activity and cytochrome(More)
Hypokinetic/hypodynamic (H/H) whole body suspension of rats eliminates hindlimb load bearing functions while permitting continued use of the forelimbs. Responses of hindlimb muscles were assessed in terms of absolute and relative weights during 1 and 2 weeks of H/H suspension. Muscle mass loss was in the order soleus greater than gastrocnemius = plantaris(More)
A review of the metabolism of hibernators supports the argument that protein utilization is an essential aspect of hibernation. Several lines of evidence in support of this hypothesis are discussed, including (1) the field preferences of some hibernators for a diet rich in protein prior to hibernation, (2) the gluconeogenic maintenance of glycogen stores(More)