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The movement of ions across specific channels embedded on the membrane of individual cardiomyocytes is crucial for the generation and propagation of the cardiac electric impulse. Emerging evidence over the past 20 years strongly suggests that the normal electric function of the heart is the result of dynamic interactions of membrane ion channels working in(More)
The voltage-gated Na(+) channels (Na(v)) form a family composed of 10 genes. The COOH termini of Na(v) contain a cluster of amino acids that are nearly identical among 7 of the 10 members. This COOH-terminal sequence, PPSYDSV, is a PY motif known to bind to WW domains of E3 protein-ubiquitin ligases of the Nedd4 family. We recently reported that cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations of at least six different genes have been found to cause long QT syndrome (LQTS), an inherited arrhythmic disorder characterized by a prolonged QT interval on the electrocardiogram (ECG), ventricular arrhythmias and risk of sudden death. AIM The aims were to define the yet undetermined phenotypic characteristics of two founder(More)
The transient receptor potential channel (TRP) family comprises at least 28 genes in the human genome. These channels are widely expressed in many different tissues, including those of the cardiovascular system. The transient receptor potential channel melastatin 4 (TRPM4) is a Ca(2+)-activated non-specific cationic channel, which is impermeable to Ca(2+).(More)
The cardiac sodium channel Na(v)1.5 plays a key role in cardiac excitability and conduction. The purpose of this study was to elucidate the role of the PDZ domain-binding motif formed by the last three residues (Ser-Ile-Val) of the Na(v)1.5 C-terminus. Pull-down experiments were performed using Na(v)1.5 C-terminus fusion proteins and human or mouse heart(More)
The role of aldosterone in the pathogenesis of heart failure (HF) is still poorly understood. Recently, aldosterone has been shown to modulate the function of cardiac Ca(2+) and K(+) channels, thus playing a role in the electrical remodeling process. The goal of this work was to investigate the role of aldosterone on the cardiac Na(+) current (I(Na)). We(More)
In the present study, we identified a novel splice variant of the human cardiac Na(+) channel Na(v)1.5 (Na(v)1.5d), in which a 40-amino acid sequence of the DII/DIII intracellular linker is missing due to a partial deletion of exon 17. Expression of Na(v)1.5d occurred in embryonic and adult hearts of either sex, indicating that the respective alternative(More)
AIMS Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a severe striated muscle disease due to the absence of dystrophin. Dystrophin deficiency results in dysfunctional sodium channels and conduction abnormalities in hearts of mdx mice. Disease progression in the mdx mouse only modestly reflects that of DMD patients, possibly due to utrophin up-regulation. Here, we(More)
AIMS Short QT syndrome (SQTS) is a genetically determined ion-channel disorder, which may cause malignant tachyarrhythmias and sudden cardiac death. Thus far, mutations in five different genes encoding potassium and calcium channel subunits have been reported. We present, for the first time, a novel loss-of-function mutation coding for an L-type calcium(More)
Na(v)1.5, the cardiac isoform of the voltage-gated Na+ channel, is critical to heart excitability and conduction. However, the mechanisms regulating its expression at the cell membrane are poorly understood. The Na(v)1.5 C-terminus contains a PY-motif (xPPxY) that is known to act as binding site for Nedd4/Nedd4-like ubiquitin-protein ligases. Because(More)