Jean-Raoul Scherrer

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Automatic extraction of knowledge from large corpus of texts is an essential step toward linguistic knowledge acquisition in the medical domain. The current situation shows a lack of computer-readable large medical lexicons, with a partial exception for the English language. Moreover, multilingual lexicons with versatility for multiple languages(More)
This report describes techniques and protocols implemented at the Geneva Canton University Hospitals (HUG) for the combination of various biomedical imaging modalities and sensors including electromagnetic tomography, to study, assess, and localize neurological (dys)function. The interest for this combination stems from the broad variety of information(More)
The use of middleware to develop widely distributed healthcare information systems (HIS) has become inevitable. However, the fact that many different platforms, even sometimes heterogeneous to each other, are hooked into the same network makes the integration of various middleware components more difficult than some might believe. This paper discusses the(More)
Middleware is now a commonly used expression and anyone building distributed applications is referring to "middleware services". Nevertheless this notion lacks of sound theoretical foundation. This paper tries to clarify the relationship between the components of distributed environments, especially in healthcare, and to establish some classification aiming(More)
The GALEN-IN-USE project has developed a compositional scheme for the conceptual representation of surgical operative procedure rubrics. The complex representations which result are translated back to surface language by a tool for multilingual natural language generation. This generator can be adapted to the specific characteristics of the scheme by(More)
Medical language is highly compositional and makes extensive use of common roots, especially Latino-Greek roots. Besides words devoted to common sense, medical language presents some typical characteristics, especially on morphological and semantic aspects of word formation. Morphological decomposition and identification precedes semantic analysis. It is(More)
The venue of Electronic Patient Record (EPR) implies an increasing amount of medical texts readily available for processing, as soon as convenient tools are made available. The chief application is text analysis, from which one can drive other disciplines like indexing for retrieval, knowledge representation, translation and inferencing for medical(More)