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STUDY DESIGN Systematic review. OBJECTIVES To assess efficacy and safety of spinal cord stimulation in patients with chronic leg and back pain and failed back surgery syndrome and to examine prognostic factors that predict spinal cord stimulation outcome. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA A previous systematic review of spinal cord stimulation in patients with(More)
Intrathecal administration of opioids is a very efficient tool in the long-term control of intractable nonmalignant pain. However, despite the well known role of opioids in endocrine regulation, few data are available about possible effects on hypothalamic-pituitary function during this treatment. Seventy-three patients (29 men and 44 women; mean age, 49.2(More)
Spinal cord stimulation is a minimally invasive mode of treatment in the management of certain forms of chronic pain that do not respond to conventional pain therapy. Several authors have reported encouraging findings with this technique. Over a 10-year period in a single centre, 254 patients were subjected to a trial period of spinal cord stimulation with(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the clinical and cost-effectiveness of spinal cord stimulation (SCS) in the management of patients with complex regional pain syndrome (CRPS) and identify the potential predictors of SCS outcome. DESIGN Systematic review of the literature and meta-regression. METHODS Electronic databases were searched for controlled and uncontrolled(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this prospective, open-label, multicenter European clinical trial was to quantify the efficacy and safety of a spinal cord stimulation (SCS) system that utilizes high-frequency (up to 10 kHz) waveforms, which do not produce paresthesia, for the treatment of chronic, intractable pain of the back and/or limbs. MATERIAL AND METHODS(More)
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is an effective technique for the relief of neuropathic pain. Biologic complications are more prevalent within the first 3 months after implantation, are generally minor and reversible, and do not affect patients' acceptance of the treatment. Technically, hardware-related complications are uncommon and occur more frequently in(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the long-term efficacy and safety of paresthesia-free high-frequency spinal cord stimulation (HF10 SCS) for the treatment of chronic, intractable pain of the low back and legs. DESIGN Prospective, multicenter, observational study. METHOD Patients with significant chronic low back pain underwent(More)
Failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) is defined as persistent or recurrent pain, mainly in the lower back and/or legs, even after previous anatomically successful spinal surgery. Treatment of such patients is difficult, with conservative therapy and repeated back surgery often proving unsuccessful at providing adequate pain relief. Spinal cord stimulation(More)
Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for the treatment of neuropathic pain is supported by good-quality randomized controlled trials, prospective and retrospective case studies, and observational case series that confirm its efficacy and safety. SCS has been successfully used in various refractory neuropathic pain conditions, including failed back surgery syndrome(More)