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BACKGROUND Air pollution has been associated with impaired health, including reduced lung function in adults. Moving to cleaner areas has been shown to attenuate adverse effects of air pollution on lung function in children but not in adults. METHODS We conducted a prospective study of 9651 adults (18 to 60 years of age) randomly selected from population(More)
We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the accuracy of the QuantiFERON-TB® Gold In-Tube (QFT-G-IT) and the T-SPOT®.TB assays with the tuberculin skin test (TST) for the diagnosis of latent Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection (LTBI). The Medline, Embase and Cochrane databases were explored for relevant articles in November 2009.(More)
SETTING Residential institution for alcoholics in Switzerland. OBJECTIVE To compare the results of the tuberculin skin test (TST) and the new T-cell-based test for tuberculosis infection (T-SPOT.TB) in subjects exposed to a case of smear-positive pulmonary TB (PTB). DESIGN After the notification of smear-positive PTB in a resident of an institution for(More)
The effect of long-term exposure to air pollutants was studied in a cross-sectional population-based sample of adults (aged 18 to 60 yr; n = 9,651) residing in eight different areas in Switzerland. Standardized medical examination included questionnaire data, lung function tests, skin-prick testing, and end-expiratory CO concentration. The impact of annual(More)
The association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and respiratory symptoms was investigated in a cross-sectional study in random population samples of adults (aged 18 to 60 yr, n = 9,651) at eight study sites in Switzerland. Information on respiratory symptoms was obtained with an extended version of the European Community Respiratory(More)
In this paper, we present results from the SAPALDIA study (Swiss Study on Air Pollution and Lung Diseases in Adults) regarding associations between lung function [forced vital capacity (FVC) and forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1)], as assessed during the cross-sectional study in 1991, and average levels of NO2 exposure within the eight study(More)
AIM To assess the number of immigrants with pulmonary tuberculosis detected by chest x-ray screening at the Swiss border. METHOD All adult immigrants entering Switzerland in 2004 were screened by chest x-ray (CXR). The number of radiological abnormalities suggestive of pulmonary tuberculosis, and the proportion requiring treatment for tuberculosis, were(More)
BACKGROUND Screening and treatment of latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) in asylum seekers (AS) may prevent future cases of tuberculosis. As the screening with Interferon Gamma Release Assay (IGRA) is costly, the objective of this study was to assess which factors were associated with LTBI and to define a score allowing the selection of AS with the(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate bupropion SR for smoking cessation in physicians and nurses. METHODS This double-blind prospective 26-center, 12-country trial randomized 687 subjects to smoking cessation counselling with bupropion SR or placebo for 7 weeks. The participants were followed for 52 weeks. RESULTS Bupropion SR was superior to placebo (50% vs 40%,(More)
The "Five-Day Plan to Stop Smoking" (FDP) is an educational group technique for smoking cessation. We studied a cohort of 123 smokers (55 men, 68 women, mean age 42 years) who participated in 11 successive FDP sessions held in Switzerland between 1995 and 1998 and who were followed up for at least 12 months by telephone or direct interview. Overall, 102 of(More)