Jean Pierre Zarski

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Liver fibrosis stage is traditionally assessed with biopsy, an imperfect gold standard. Two widely used techniques, FibroTest®, and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) using Fibroscan® have been validated using biopsy, and therefore the true performances of these estimates are still unknown in the absence of a perfect reference. The aim was(More)
BACKGROUND In Europe, health-care policies are determined at a national level and differ between countries. This analysis from a prospective, longitudinal, non-interventional study aimed to describe patterns in the clinical monitoring and treatment of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) in five European countries. METHODS Country-specific cohorts of adult patients(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with lymphocytic infiltration is a rare entity recently described, sometimes associated with hepatitis C. Histologically, remarkable inflammatory cell infiltration of cancer nests is observed, mostly composed of T cytotoxic lymphocytes. When prominent, this inflammatory cell component can obscure the neoplastic cells, leading(More)
The Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection exhibits a high global prevalence frequently associated with hepatocellular carcinoma, taking years to develop. Despite the standardization of highly sensitive HCV quantitative RT-PCR (qRT-PCR) detection methods, false-negative diagnoses may be generated with current methods, mainly due to the presence of PCR inhibitors(More)
BACKGROUND AND GOAL International guidelines suggest combining a blood test and liver stiffness measurement (LSM) to stage liver fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C (CHC) and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Therefore, we compared the accuracies of these tests between the main etiologies of chronic liver diseases. STUDY Overall, 1968 patients were(More)
At present, liver biopsy is still the standard in assessing liver fibrosis, especially in patients with chronic viral hepatitis. However, biopsy is invasive and carries the risk of serious complications. In addition, the accuracy of liver biopsy is limited as a result of intraand interobserver variability and sampling error. Several noninvasive direct and(More)
Background Doxorubicin Transdrug (DT), a nanoformulation of doxorubicin, was demonstrated to overcome the chemoresistance of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in preclinical models. Its efficacy and safety were thus investigated in phase I and randomised phase II trials in unresectable HCC. Patients and methods Phase I was a single dose of DT through the(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic hepatitis B (CHB) is an important health concern, but there are few studies describing its management in different countries. This prospective, longitudinal, non-interventional study aimed to assess differences in CHB management in five European countries (Germany, France, Poland, Romania and Turkey). METHODS Data were collected from(More)
The efficacy of various regimens using interferon-α (IFN-α) in the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection was analyzed in a meta-analysis of 33 randomized clinical trials (RCTs). The results of the meta-analysis showed increased complete and sustained ALT response rates in patients receiving IFN 3 MU three times a week for six months compared with(More)
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