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The fine structural motifs of sialic acids, a frequent terminal monosaccharide of glycans, seem to contain essential biological properties. To identify such subtle structural differences, a reliable method was developed for the qualitative and quantitative identification of sialic acids present in different tissues and fluids. This method involved, after(More)
We have cloned a novel protein kinase from human cerebellum and named it LZK (leucine zipper-bearing kinase). The LZK cDNA encoded a 966-amino acid polypeptide that contains a kinase catalytic domain and double leucine/isoleucine zippers separated by a short spacer region. The amino acid sequence of the kinase catalytic domain was a hybrid between those in(More)
The possible role of carbohydrate binding proteins (lectins) and glycoconjugates in the formation of junctions ensuring tightening between ependymal cells was studied using synthetic glycoconjugates, the neoglycoproteins. These compounds are prepared by substituting bovine serum albumin with sugar residues and additional labelling (or not) with fluorescein(More)
Modifications of protein-bound sugars during postnatal development of rat cerebellum were studied. Glycoprotein-bound mannose accumulates, in the particulate fractions, at an earlier age than the bulk of glycoprotein sugar. This corresponds to a transient and massive accumulation of glycoproteins which bind to Concanavalin A (Con A). These glycoproteins(More)
Permanent exposure of differentiated HT-29 cells to the sugar analogue, 1-benzyl-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-alpha-D-galactopyranoside (GalNAcalpha- O -bn) leads to marked effects upon the phenotypic properties of mucin-secreting or enterocyte-like HT-29 cells: an inhibition in the secretion of mucins, a blockade in the apical targeting of membrane brush border(More)
Our previous studies on an inhibitor of O-glycosylation of glycoproteins, GalNAcalpha-O-bn, in the model of enterocytic HT-29 cells, have shown at the cellular level an alteration of the normal localization of apical glycoproteins, and at the biochemical level an in situ synthesis and storage of sialylated GalNAcalpha-O-bn oligosaccharides. The purpose of(More)
There is increasing evidence that lectins are widely distributed in mammalian tissues, including the nervous tissue. Based on histochemical techniques using neoglycoproteins, different lectin activities specific for different monosaccharides or glycans have been identified (fucose, galactose, mannose, N-acetylglucosamine, N-acetylgalactosamine,(More)
We have previously reported that 1-benzyl-2-acetamido-2-deoxy-alpha-D-galactopyranoside (GalNAc alpha-O-bn), an inhibitor of glycosylation, perturbed apical biosynthetic trafficking in polarized HT-29 cells suggesting an involvement of a lectin-based mechanism. Here, we have identified galectin-4 as one of the major components of detergent-resistant(More)