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Prion diseases are transmissible neurodegenerative disorders affecting humans and a wide variety of animal species including sheep and cattle. The transmissible agent, the prion, is an abnormally folded form (PrP(Sc)) of the host encoded cellular prion protein (PrP(C)). Distribution of the prion protein in the fluids of species susceptible to these diseases(More)
The c-rel protooncogene encodes a subunit of the NF-kappa B-like family of transcription factors. Mice lacking Rel are defective in mitogenic activation of B and T lymphocytes and display impaired humoral immunity. In an attempt to identify changes in gene expression that accompany the T-cell stimulation defects associated with the loss of Rel, we have(More)
T cell repertoire diversity and clonotype follow-up in vaccination, cancer, infectious and immune diseases represent a major challenge owing to the enormous complexity of the data generated. Here we describe a next generation methodology, which combines 5'RACE PCR, 454 sequencing and, for analysis, IMGT, the international ImMunoGeneTics information system(More)
The relatively low efficacy of DNA vaccines in inducing immune responses, especially in large animal species and humans, has impaired their practical use. Despite considerable effort expended on improving DNA vaccine delivery, only minute amounts of Ag are available for immune induction following DNA vaccination. Two complementary strategies have been used(More)
Intrauterine infection has been linked to neurologic injury in preterm infants. However, a reproducible model of white matter injury in the preterm fetus in a long gestation species that can be monitored in utero is currently unavailable. Thus, our objective was to determine the effects of bacterial endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) on physiologic and(More)
Immunohistological characterisation of ovine rectal tissue has revealed the presence of lymphoid follicles, predominantly in the submucosa, that closely resemble those found in intestinal Peyer's patches (PPs). Distinct T (CD4+, CD8+, gammadelta-TCR+) and B (CD21+, CD45R+) lymphocyte staining patterns were observed within and around follicles of the rectal(More)
Corneal endothelial cells (CECs) are responsible for maintaining the transparency of the human cornea. Loss of CECs results in blindness, requiring corneal transplantation. In this study, fabrication of biocompatible and biodegradable poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG)-based hydrogel films (PHFs) for the regeneration and transplantation of CECs is described. The(More)
The inflammatory cascade is a multifactorial process regulated by interwoven cytokine and growth factor networks. This review summarizes the emerging evidence that implicate activin A and follistatin in inflammatory processes. Our recent studies have determined that activin A is released early in the cascade of circulatory cytokines during systemic(More)
Although rodent models are very popular for scientific studies, it is becoming more evident that large animal models can provide unique opportunities for biomedical research. Sheep are docile in nature and large in size, which facilitates surgical manipulation, and their physiology is similar to humans. As a result, for decades they have been chosen for(More)
Although a number of adjuvants are currently approved for use in veterinary species, only alum has been widely used in humans. While it induces strong antibody responses, cell mediated responses are often low and inflammatory reactions at the site of injection are common. We investigated the immunological properties of a novel nano-bead adjuvant in a sheep(More)