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Wait-listed (n = 226) or post-liver transplantation (n = 241) chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients with lamivudine-resistant hepatitis B virus (HBV) were treated with adefovir dipivoxil for a median of 39 and 99 weeks, respectively. Among wait-listed patients, serum HBV DNA levels became undetectable (<1,000 copies/mL) in 59% and 65% at weeks 48 and 96,(More)
Mutations within the hepatitis B virus (HBV) polymerase gene conferring drug-resistance are selected during prolonged lamivudine (3TC) or adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) treatment. Because there is no other approved drug against HBV, treatments with 3TC or ADV are used either sequentially or in addition, depending on treatment response or failure. Considering the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS In contrast to lamivudine, adefovir dipivoxil (ADV) therapy is associated with delayed and infrequent selection of drug resistant hepatitis B virus (HBV). METHODS A 52 year-old man was treated with lamivudine for an HBV recurrence on his liver graft. A viral breakthrough was observed and the patient received ADV. Serum HBV DNA decreased(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS Complex mutants may be selected under sequential anti-VHB pressures. We analyzed the genotypic and phenotypic evolution of the viral quasi-species of a patient who developed resistance to entecavir following lamivudine breakthrough. METHODS The polymerase gene was amplified, cloned and sequenced at different time points. Hepatoma cell(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Sequential anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) therapy may lead to the selection of complex mutants. We analyzed the genetic and phenotypic evolution of the viral quasispecies of a patient who received successively lamivudine, add-on adefovir+lamivudine, followed by lamivudine+adefovir+hepatitis B immunoglobulins (HBIg) after orthotopic liver(More)
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype G (HBV/G) is an unusual variant, and little is known about its epidemiology and natural history, particularly the requirement for a co-infecting HBV genotype and their relationship during infection. This study investigated the quasispecies nature of co-infecting genotypes in 39 samples collected over a 6 year period from 13(More)
Three-hundred and twenty-four patients were enrolled in an open-label, multicenter, international study in which pre- and post-liver transplantation (LT) patients with recurrent chronic hepatitis B (CHB) and evidence of lamivudine-resistant HBV were treated with adefovir dipivoxil 10 mg once daily. In the pre- and post-LT cohorts, 128 and 196 patients were(More)
The majority of acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections progress to chronicity and progressive liver damage. Alpha interferon (IFN-alpha) antiviral therapy achieves the highest rate of success when IFN-alpha is administered early during the acute phase, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. We used a panel of major histocompatibility complex class I(More)
Several government and nongovernment organizations held a consensus conference on the management of acute and chronic viral hepatitis to update previous management recommendations. The conference became necessary because of the introduction of new forms of therapy for both hepatitis B and hepatitis C. The conference issued recommendations on the(More)
Under most circumstances, HBV is not cytopathic and it is the immune response of the host that determines the outcome of infection. The most complete immune response is associated with the most severe liver injury and the greatest likelihood of viral clearance, whereas an immature immune response leads to chronic hepatitis. The natural history of chronic(More)