Jean Pierre Sommadossi

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Kinetics of 5-fluorouracil (FUra) and FUra metabolites in plasma and urine were investigated in 10 cancer patients following i.v. bolus administration of 500 mg/m2 FUra with 600 microCi of [6-3H]FUra. Biliary excretion was examined in two patients with external biliary catheters. Quantitation of unchanged drug and metabolites was assessed by a highly(More)
The population pharmacokinetics of nevirapine (NVP), zidovudine (ZDV), and didanosine (ddI) were evaluated in a total of 175 patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus randomized to receive either a double combination of ZDV plus ddI or a triple combination of NVP plus ZDV plus ddI as a substudy of the AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 241.(More)
Numerous studies have reported effects of antiviral nucleoside analogs on mitochondrial function, but they have not correlated well with the observed toxic side effects. By comparing the effects of the five Food and Drug Administration-approved anti-human immunodeficiency virus nucleoside analogs, zidovudine (3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine) (AZT),(More)
We previously demonstrated that 3'-azido-3'-deoxythymidine (AZT) inhibits growth proliferation of human bone marrow progenitor cells in vitro [Antimicrob. Agents Chemother. 31:452-454 (1987)]. The present study evaluates the effect of toxic concentrations of AZT on possible sites of toxicity in human bone marrow cells. Exposure of cells over a 6-hr period(More)
The biotransformation of O-(chloroacetyl-carbamoyl) fumagillol (TNP-470; AGM 1470), a potent in vitro inhibitor of angiogenesis, was investigated in primary cultured human hepatocytes and microsomal fractions of various human tissues. Exposure of human hepatocytes to 5 microM [3H]TNP-470 led to a rapid metabolism of unchanged drug to six metabolic(More)
A novel anti-hepatitis B virus (anti-HBV) agent, 2'-fluoro-5-methyl-beta-L-arabinofuranosyluracil (L-FMAU), was synthesized and found to be a potent anti-HBV and anti-Epstein-Barr virus agent. Its in vitro potency was evaluated in 2.2.15 and H1 cells for anti-HBV and anti-Epstein-Barr virus activities, respectively. In vitro cytotoxicity in MT2, CEM,(More)
OBJECTIVE To study the addition of a third human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) reverse transcriptase inhibitor, nevirapine, to the combination of zidovudine and didanosine. DESIGN A 48-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial at 16 AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) Clinical Trials Units. PATIENTS 398 adults who had HIV-1(More)
2',3'-Dideoxy-5-fluoro-3'-thiacytidine (FTC) has been shown to be a potent and selective compound against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 in acutely infected primary human lymphocytes. FTC is also active against human immunodeficiency virus type 2, simian immunodeficiency virus, and feline immunodeficiency virus in various cell culture systems,(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate plasma population pharmacokinetics and penetration into cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) by indinavir (IDV) in HIV-infected individuals receiving IDV, zidovudine and lamivudine. METHODS Plasma population pharmacokinetic analysis was performed on 805 IDV plasma values from 171 patients, using a non-linear mixed-effects modeling approach.(More)