Jean Pierre Sine

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1. A cholinesterase activity was shown to be present in the homogenates of the gut mucosal cells from seven mammal species examined. 2. The distribution of the cholinesterase activity in the mucosal cells along the intestine differs from one species to another. This distribution is not correlated with that of the aminopeptidase which is a specific marker of(More)
Acetylcholinesterase is found in the brush-border and basolateral membranes purified from rabbit enterocytes. The sedimentation coefficients of the enzymes solubilized from two types of membrane are identical (5.5 +/- 0.2 S) and the apparent molecular weights are not significantly different (154 000 +/- 8000 for the brush-border and 145 000 +/- 8000 for the(More)
The G2 form of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) of mucosal cells of rat intestine is a rare amphiphilic species, which is related to class II of acetylcholinesterase. Preliminary work indicated that the enzyme can bind heparin and suggested particular properties as compared to other BChEs. Ionic properties of the G2 form BChE were studied with different ionic(More)
A soluble form of acetylcholinesterase was shown to be present in rabbit enterocytes. The enzyme was obtained from a high-speed supernatant (105,000 X g centrifugation) after homogenization of intestinal mucosa without detergent. It was shown to possess no obvious hydrophobic character and could be classified as a low-salt-soluble (LSS)(More)
The present study reports the histochemical detection, at the ultrastructural level, of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) in the epithelial cells of rat intestine. The enzyme activity was observed in the crypt cells as well as in the mature cells of the villi. Inside the enterocytes, BChE was seen in the reticulum cisternae, Golgi apparatus and lipid droplets.(More)
The properties of a cholinesterase from mucosal cells of rat intestine have been characterized. The enzyme was identified as butyrylcholinesterase because it was more sensitive to iso-OMPA (IC50 = 1.0 x 10(-6) M) than to BW284C51 (IC50 = 5.5 x 10(-5) M) and was not inhibited by substrate excess. It displayed a higher affinity for acetylthiocholine than for(More)
An endopeptidase was purified from Archachatina ventricosa by chromatography on columns of gel filtration, DEAE-Sepharose and phenyl-Sepharose. The preparation was shown to be homogeneous by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and capillary electrophoresis. The purified enzyme displayed two protein bands on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis with(More)
The profile of sedimentation on a 4-20% (w/v) linear sucrose gradient of the digestive juice of the mollusk Archachatina ventricosa revealed the presence of at least four specific proteases. A first peak, corresponding to a sedimentation coefficient of 3.9 S, contained two endoproteases that could be assayed, one with Leu-pNA and the other with Met-pNA.(More)
1. The activity and the molecular characteristics of butyrylcholinesterase were studied in the epithelial cells of the following intestinal segments: duodenum, jejunum, ileum, caecum and colon of starved and refed rats. 2. After starvation, the specific activity of the enzyme is found to increase in the jejunum. The same level of activity was maintained(More)
1. Epithelial cells of avian intestine express non-specific cholinesterase (butyrylcholinesterase, BuChE) activity both in the embryo and adult animal. 2. Quail, duck and chick exhibit increased BuChE activity during the late embryonic period followed by decreased activity. The minimum value is reached after hatching at day 1 in quail, day 4 in chick and(More)