Jean Pierre Sine

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An endopeptidase was purified from Archachatina ventricosa by chromatography on columns of gel filtration, DEAE-Sepharose and phenyl-Sepharose. The preparation was shown to be homogeneous by polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and capillary electrophoresis. The purified enzyme displayed two protein bands on SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis with(More)
The epithelial cells of the human intestine exhibit a cholinesterase activity which is restricted to the apex of the villi. This activity displays a maximum in the colon and a minimum in the jejunum. Contrary to most of the studied vertebrates, the human cells present both acetylcholinesterase and butyrylcholinesterase activities, acetylcholinesterase being(More)
1. A cholinesterase activity was shown to be present in the homogenates of the gut mucosal cells from seven mammal species examined. 2. The distribution of the cholinesterase activity in the mucosal cells along the intestine differs from one species to another. This distribution is not correlated with that of the aminopeptidase which is a specific marker of(More)
The profile of sedimentation on a 4-20% (w/v) linear sucrose gradient of the digestive juice of the mollusk Archachatina ventricosa revealed the presence of at least four specific proteases. A first peak, corresponding to a sedimentation coefficient of 3.9 S, contained two endoproteases that could be assayed, one with Leu-pNA and the other with Met-pNA.(More)
1. Epithelial cells of avian intestine express non-specific cholinesterase (butyrylcholinesterase, BuChE) activity both in the embryo and adult animal. 2. Quail, duck and chick exhibit increased BuChE activity during the late embryonic period followed by decreased activity. The minimum value is reached after hatching at day 1 in quail, day 4 in chick and(More)
Mucosal cells of rat intestine express amphiphilic monomer (G1) and dimer (G2) as well as hydrophilic tetramer (G4) of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE). After incubation with heparin (3 and 15 microM), amphiphilic G2 form showed decreased migrations in nondenaturing electrophoresis whereas in these conditions, the mobility of hydrophilic forms from rat and(More)
The present study reports the histochemical detection, at the ultrastructural level, of butyrylcholinesterase (BChE) in the epithelial cells of rat intestine. The enzyme activity was observed in the crypt cells as well as in the mature cells of the villi. Inside the enterocytes, BChE was seen in the reticulum cisternae, Golgi apparatus and lipid droplets.(More)
The properties of a cholinesterase from mucosal cells of rat intestine have been characterized. The enzyme was identified as butyrylcholinesterase because it was more sensitive to iso-OMPA (IC50 = 1.0 x 10(-6) M) than to BW284C51 (IC50 = 5.5 x 10(-5) M) and was not inhibited by substrate excess. It displayed a higher affinity for acetylthiocholine than for(More)
Two soluble forms of AChE from lymphocyte membrane have been obtained, the Triton solubilized Sd form and the high molar salt solubilized Ss form. They present similar Km (0.10 mM). Hydrodynamic properties of these forms have been studied on saccharose gradients with and without detergent or salt. A similar sedimentation coefficient has been found for these(More)