Jean-Pierre Revillard

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BACKGROUND Polyclonal antithymocyte globulins (ATG) induce T-cell depletion and functional impairment of nondeleted lymphocytes. Interference of ATG with the main leukocyte surface molecules involved in cellular adhesion and leukocyte-endothelium interaction was investigated in the present study. METHODS In three rabbit ATG, the authors measured(More)
BACKGROUND The first human hand allograft, performed in Lyon, France, on September 23, 1998, was removed during month 29 posttransplantation as the result of rejection because the patient did not comply with the immunosuppressive treatment. METHODS The patient was regularly examined from the day of transplantation to amputation. Biopsies were taken from(More)
Purine and pyrimidine nucleotides play critical roles in DNA and RNA synthesis as well as in membrane lipid biosynthesis and protein glycosylation. They are necessary for the development and survival of mature T lymphocytes. Activation of T lymphocytes is associated with an increase of purine and pyrimidine pools. However, the question of how purine vs(More)
Antithymocyte globulins (ATGs), the immunoglobulin G (IgG) fraction of sera from rabbits or horses immunized with human thymocytes or T-cell lines, are used in conditioning regimens for bone marrow transplantation, in the treatment of acute graft-versus-host disease, in the prevention or treatment of acute rejection in organ transplantation, and in severe(More)
Mycophenolic acid (MPA), the active metabolite of the immunosuppressive drug mycophenolate mofetil, is a selective inhibitor of inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase type II, a de novo purine nucleotide synthesis enzyme expressed in T and B lymphocytes and up-regulated upon cell activation. In this study, we report that the blockade of guanosine nucleotide(More)
High doses of Ag can paradoxically suppress immune responses in vivo. This Ag-specific unresponsiveness (termed high dose tolerance) involves extrathymic mechanisms in mature T lymphocytes. To investigate these mechanisms, we used the in vitro model of PBL activated with anti-CD3 or PHA. In these conditions, increasing mitogen concentrations resulted in a(More)
For more than half a century immunological research has been almost exclusively orientated towards the acquired immune response and the mechanisms of immune tolerance. Major discoveries have enabled us to better understand the functioning of the specific immune system: the structure of antibody molecules, the genetic mechanisms leading to the molecular(More)
Rabbit antilymphocyte or antithymocyte globulins (rATG) are currently used as immunosuppressive agents in clinical organ and bone marrow transplantation, but because of differences in antigen source and purification processes between manufacturers, determination of the dose to be administered remains empirical. Dosage may be adjusted to peripheral blood T(More)
Exposure of phosphatidylserine (PS) on the outer leaflet of the plasma membrane is a key feature of apoptosis. As the signals underlying these phenomena are unknown, it is generally assumed that PS exposure is a consequence of caspase activation, another hallmark of apoptosis. In this study we investigated the role of caspases in PS externalization during(More)
To assess the capacity of transitional cells to synthesize and release polymeric immunoglobulin receptor (pIg-R) in bladder carcinoma, we studied the localization of pIg-R in normal and tumor tissues and measured the levels of secretory component (SC) either in the free form or bound to Ig (S-IgA, S-IgM) in the serum and urine of 56 patients with(More)