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Osteoarthritis (OA) is associated with cartilage destruction, subchondral bone remodeling and inflammation of the synovial membrane, although the etiology and pathogenesis underlying this debilitating disease are poorly understood. Secreted inflammatory molecules, such as proinflammatory cytokines, are among the critical mediators of the disturbed processes(More)
Morphological changes observed in OA include cartilage erosion as well as a variable degree of synovial inflammation. Current research attributes these changes to a complex network of biochemical factors, including proteolytic enzymes, that lead to a breakdown of the cartilage macromolecules. Cytokines such as IL-1 and TNF-alpha produced by activated(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine, by immunohistochemistry, the localization and distribution of human collagenase-3 in normal, osteoarthritis (OA), and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) cartilage, and to investigate the effects of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) on the synthesis and distribution of collagenase-3. METHODS Human(More)
BACKGROUND MMP-13 and IGFBP-5 are important factors involved in osteoarthritis (OA). We investigated whether two highly predicted microRNAs (miRNAs), miR-140 and miR-27a, regulate these two genes in human OA chondrocytes. METHODS Gene expression was determined by real-time PCR. The effect of each miRNA on IGFBP-5 and MMP-13 expression/production was(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the morphological changes that take place in the subchondral bone and calcified cartilage zone in the experimental anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) dog model of osteoarthritis (OA) and analyze concomitant changes in the level of MMP-13 and cathepsin K, as well as examine the therapeutic effects of licofelone, a lipoxygenase(More)
INTRODUCTION High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) is released by necrotic cells or secreted in response to inflammatory stimuli. Extracellular HMGB1 may act as a pro-inflammatory cytokine in rheumatoid arthritis. We have recently reported that HMGB1 is released by osteoarthritic synoviocytes after activation with interleukin-1beta (IL-1β) The present study(More)
OBJECTIVE Osteoarthritis (OA) is accompanied by subchondral bone sclerosis. The present study was undertaken to determine whether osteoblast-like cells in patients with OA show an abnormal phenotype that could contribute to this sclerosis. METHODS Explants and primary in vitro osteoblast-like cell cultures were prepared from subchondral bone specimens(More)
There is increasing evidence suggesting that chondrocyte death may contribute to the progression of osteoarthritis (OA). This study focused on the characterization of signaling cascade during NO-induced cell death in human OA chondrocytes. The NO generator, sodium nitroprusside (SNP), promoted chondrocyte death in association with DNA fragmentation,(More)
OBJECTIVES Mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) (a serine/threonine protein kinase) is a major repressor of autophagy, a cell survival mechanism. The specific in vivo mechanism of mTOR signalling in OA pathophysiology is not fully characterised. We determined the expression of mTOR and known autophagy genes in human OA cartilage as well as mouse and dog(More)
We have developed monoclonal antibody 5109 against a unique highly acidic sequence in type II collagen. When paired with previously reported monoclonal antibody 9A4, 5109 can be used as the capture antibody in an ELISA assay for the neoepitope generated by collagenase-cleavage of type II collagen. The assay detects the sequence(More)