Jean-Pierre Monti

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The composition and concentration of anthocyanins of grape berry skins were analyzed in order to assess phenotypic variation between four grape wine varieties belonging to 4 different species: Vitis vinifera, Vitis amurensis, Vitis cinerea and Vitis X champinii. High-performance liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC-MS) and NMR spectroscopy(More)
The complex etiology of Alzheimer's disease (AD) prompts scientists to develop multitarget strategies to combat causes and symptoms. We therefore designed, synthesized, and tested new hybrid molecules linking a benzofuran ring to a N-methyl- N-benzylamine through a heptyloxy chain, affording a series of potential multifunctional drugs for AD. The(More)
A new compound resulting from the oxidative degradation of maldivin 3-O-glucoside under acid conditions was detected in a wine model solution stored under 90 and 25 degrees C. It was isolated by semipreparative HPLC, and its structure was elucidated by UV-vis spectra, mass spectrometry (LC/MS), and NMR spectroscopy (1-D and 2-D). The compound was identified(More)
New polyphenol classes have been tested against amyloid-beta peptide aggregation. We have identified four novel polyphenols which could be efficient fibril inhibitors in Alzheimer's disease: malvidin and its glucoside and curculigosides B and D. We suggest that molecules with the particular C(6)-linkers-C(6) structure could be potent inhibitors. From the(More)
Grapes and wines are now known to constitute a rich source of phenolics such as stilbenes and flavonoids. These compounds have been shown to have cancer chemopreventive activity and potential beneficial effects on cardiovascular diseases thanks to their antioxidant and antiplatelet properties. However, because little is known about African wines and their(More)
The complex etiology of Alzheimer's disease prompts scientists to develop multi-target strategies to combat causes and symptoms. In line with this modern paradigm and as a follow-up to our previous studies, we designed and synthesized a focused collection of new 2-arylbenzofurans and evaluated their biological properties towards specific targets involved in(More)
Nitrogen metabolism was monitored in suspension cultured cells of Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Viv. using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy following the feeding of (15NH4)2SO4 and K15NO3. By using two-dimensional 15N-1H NMR with heteronuclear single-quantum-coherence spectroscopy and heteronuclear multiple-bond-coherence spectroscopy sequences, an(More)
14C-L-phenylalanine is incorporated into a range of polyphenolic compounds when fed to grape cell cultures. Optimisation of several parameters such as the quantity of precursor applied and the duration of metabolism led to incorporation yields of 15% and to specific activities of 875 mu Ci g(-1) in stilbenes. Purification of the products by several(More)
Wine is a major dietary source of numerous potentially health promoting stilbenoids that have been the subject of many qualitative and quantitative studies. However, our initial HPLC-MS analyses of crude wine samples demonstrated the presence of compounds with molecular weights matching characteristic stilbenoid dimers, trimers, and tetramers that were(More)
Stilbenoid compounds consist of a family of resveratrol derivatives. They have demonstrated promising activities in vitro and in vivo that indicate they may be useful in the prevention of a wide range of pathologies, such as cardiovascular diseases and cancers, as well have anti-aging effects. More recently stilbenoid compounds have shown promise in the(More)