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Cellular mechanisms underlying synaptic plasticity are in line with the Hebbian concept. In contrast, data linking Hebbian learning to altered perception are rare. Combining functional magnetic resonance imaging with psychophysical tests, we studied cortical reorganization in primary and secondary somatosensory cortex (SI and SII) and the resulting changes(More)
In patients with degenerative ataxia, various abnormalities in motor cortex activation by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) have been observed, including a reduction of intracortical facilitation and a lengthening of the silent period. However, the groups of patients examined in previous studies were heterogeneous, involving patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Training of a repetitive synchronised movement of two limb muscles leads to short-term plastic changes in the primary motor cortex, which can be assessed by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) mapping. We used this paradigm to study the effect of memantine, a NDMA antagonist, on short-term motor cortex plasticity in 20 healthy human subjects,(More)
Heterozygous missense mutations in the caveolin-3 gene (CAV3) cause different muscle disorders. Most patients with CAV3 alterations present with rippling muscle disease (RMD) characterized by signs of increased muscle irritability without muscle weakness. In some patients, CAV3 mutations underlie the progressive limb-girdle muscular dystrophy type 1C(More)
OBJECTIVES In poststroke patients, fluoxetine, a selective serotonin-reuptake inhibitor, as an adjunct to physical therapy provided a better functional recovery from motor deficits. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of a single dose of 20 mg fluoxetine on motor learning and associated cortical changes in healthy right-handed subjects in(More)
Daytime sleepiness and cataplexy can increase automobile accident rates in narcolepsy. Several countries have produced guidelines for issuing a driving license. The aim of the study was to compare driving simulator performance and neuropsychological test results in narcolepsy in order to evaluate their predictive value regarding driving ability. Thirteen(More)
BACKGROUND In a recent study, we showed that administration of low-dose creatine (Cr) (60 mg/kg daily) improved work capacity in patients with McArdle disease. OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of high-dose Cr therapy in McArdle disease. DESIGN Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled crossover study. PATIENTS Nineteen patients with McArdle(More)
Cortical visual disturbances can occur after traumatic or ischemic brain lesion. Patients mostly suffer from hemianopia. Different treatment approaches in patients with hemianopia are being debated with respect to their effectiveness. For more severely disabled patients with cortical blindness or residual rudimentary vision (RRV) no systematic therapeutic(More)
The strict division between motor and somatosensory systems might be less distinct than previously thought. Many brain mapping studies have described changes of somatosensory cortex (S-I) after the execution of a motor task, which supports the idea of a profound interconnectedness in the sensorimotor system. Here we report experiments in which we(More)
Impaired mitochondrial energy production probably plays a role in motor neuron death in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and has been found not only in motor neurons but also in skeletal muscle of patients with ALS. 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P-MRS) has the potential to reflect the energy metabolism of skeletal muscle in vivo. We sought to(More)
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